War, Madness, and the First Valentine

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The story of the first valentine is a thrilling story with a mad king, one of history’s most climatic battles, and poetry. It is a complex tale that involves two great kingdoms and all the machinations of a royal court. Part Shakespeare, part Game of Thrones, all history that deserves to be remembered.
This is original content based on research by The History Guy. Images in the Public Domain are carefully selected and provide illustration. As very few images of the actual event are available in the Public Domain, images of similar objects and events are used for illustration.
You can purchase the bow tie worn in this episode at The Tie Bar:
All events are portrayed in historical context and for educational purposes. No images or content are primarily intended to shock and disgust. Those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it. Non censuram.
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Please send suggestions for future episodes: Suggestions@TheHistoryGuy.net
The History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered is the place to find short snippets of forgotten history from five to fifteen minutes long. If you like history too, this is the channel for you.
Subscribe for more forgotten history: mnthe.info/hello/4sEmXUuWIFlxRIFBRV6VXQ.
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Script by THG
#history #thehistoryguy #ValentinesDay

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  • As several viewers have noticed, I misstated the dates of the the plague of Paris by a couple of centuries. The outbreak referenced in the episode occurred between 1348 and 1350. I apologize for the error. Many people have commented that the episode was confusing. Obviously that was not my intent. The main plot, however, includes just two factions- the Orleans/Armagnacs and the Burgundians- over just two generations, under a single monarch.

    The History Guy: History Deserves to Be RememberedThe History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered2 сарын өмнө
    • You are so great in all things you can easily be forgiven for one minor oversight or misstatement. Thank you, i have learned so much and gotten so much enjoyment....

      Ralph BrandtRalph BrandtСарын өмнө
    • mnthe.info/bill/video/pZl61GazoKSCfKI

      Will GriffWill GriffСарын өмнө
    • ​@memathews Yes, there was a lot of royal intermarriage in Europe and I think that's where the insanity of this King Charles and of all European monarchy comes from. They thought that their "blue blood" was so superior to that of ordinary people that they just married each other to keep the royal blood lines "pure". As such, I feel that European history can be better understood once it is accepted that it was molded by an incestuous clan of congenitally defective people. ... jkulik919@gmail.com

      Joe KulikJoe KulikСарын өмнө
    • @High Path Well, that should keep the Republi-con paranoia machine well greased and oiled for a while...

      Jarvis FamilyJarvis FamilyСарын өмнө
    • @Allan Richardson What part of the constitution would require a US citizen to renounce any other ennoblement they may be entitled to from any other sovereign state prior to taking the presidential oath ? ( I did not say the presidency as such would be changed to an absolute monarchy or that there was a formal act of union to any other sovereign state as independent equals - though such things may occur if carried out under due agreed constitutional arrangements (could it be done under executive order ?)

      High PathHigh PathСарын өмнө
  • Wow, can't tell the player apart without a program and numbered jerseys.

    Frank GullaFrank GullaСарын өмнө
  • I have not seen all of the History Guy episodes, so perhaps you have already done one on the subject. I would love to see an episode on the 140th New York Volunteer Infantry.

    The Burrow RisesThe Burrow RisesСарын өмнө
  • Dude, you’re killing me! I’m a 71-year-old retired Marine and I am still learning shit from you. Semper Fi

    Reginald CarnesReginald CarnesСарын өмнө
  • All I can say is those poor children!

    dlbstldlbstlСарын өмнө
  • Love the channel. Listening to the histories of the middle age royal back and forths would drive anyone mad.

    Garry TurgissGarry TurgissСарын өмнө
  • I need a scorecard to keep track of the players!

    Billy RhythmBilly RhythmСарын өмнө
  • Timeline thru me off for a second when it was said King Charles the 5th died in 1380 .. then seconds later described how France was suffering from the after affects of the black plague after the 1550s.. pretty sure he meant the 1350s

    ⚡GoBolts⚡⚡GoBolts⚡Сарын өмнө
  • I was going to comment on the mix-up of the dates of the plague of Paris, but I see that you already corrected that. since I'm here I will say that your presentations are really my favorite on ALL of MNthe. sometimes the insight is absolutely brilliant, like the show on Reagan, Soviets and Able Archer war games in the 80's. ...Really dive deep into latter years of the Cold war. despite having many shows on war, you you don't over glorify it... which is a big problem with history teaching. this particular story shows how so many wars were senseless (family real estate grabs 😒) you have a really good delivery and tempo for speaking but having watched about 60 of your shows, and as a humble French speaker, I have to point out you kind of MURDER FRENCH place names - Valloy for Valois, etc. I was thinking you could use Google translate Eng - > French which wouldn't change the spelling (or French to Eng. as well) and so conveniently both squares of the translation offer a PRONUNCIATION BUTTON will give you a reliable pronunciation and no one will do a double take...like " what did he say?" I always recommend you to friends and have posted your best shows links on social media. so, like many others, look forward every single week to your new shows. you're our Valentine (is still Feb. ..😍🥳). cheers -- Le renard/ Kitsune of Ezo 🇺🇲👋 --

    adios Ezoadios EzoСарын өмнө
  • Did anyone notice that two Bob Dylan songs use lines in the poem? "Im sick of love." "But I was born too late"

    J SantoraJ SantoraСарын өмнө
  • For Black History Month would you please consider a video about: Pauli Murray. Thanks heaps for all that you do!

    Albert ArandaAlbert ArandaСарын өмнө
  • You got muddled with your dates. You mentioned the ascendancy of Charles in 13?? & shortly after was telling about the Black Death 'in 15??'.

    richard staplesrichard staples2 сарын өмнө
  • Thank you

    Olin BullardOlin Bullard2 сарын өмнө
  • This man has made more quality media than the History channel has in the past 10 years.

    Stepside1986Stepside19862 сарын өмнө
  • Sir, I want to say you have one of the best history channel on the Tube. I find the stories wonderfully done with a personal touch that gives it strength, weakness, highs and lows that bring out true power in the way how you yourself not only offer information, but do it with

    ID10T NATION _ID10T NATION _2 сарын өмнө
    • A way of a truly dedicated and invested Historian!

      ID10T NATION _ID10T NATION _2 сарын өмнө
  • BLINKIST.... Because product promotion deserves to be remembered.

  • The glasses. Not working.

    Tom BarnesTom Barnes2 сарын өмнө
  • Heck of a lecture . . but Is this going to be on the test?

    William TomkielWilliam Tomkiel2 сарын өмнө
  • Great story - but wait - - WHAT NO PIRATES!?!

    E WhitcherE Whitcher2 сарын өмнө
  • What is confusing is the convoluted familial relationships in nobility. And you made perfect sense. So much history is linked to family. And sadly now we have the Trumps making "history". Plenty of history in America's future, I think.

    fps 079fps 0792 сарын өмнө
  • I thoroughly enjoyed this episode, the complexity enhances the storyline. Thanks for sharing. 👍

    Phil EvansPhil Evans2 сарын өмнө
  • no pirates

    Michael WallbrownMichael Wallbrown2 сарын өмнө
  • Wait, wait,...I need a study guide...a Venn diagram will not cut it for the royals history. I saw a history of The Plantagents recently and needed a flow chart! I wonder if 700 years from now, our descendants will think we are just as confusing and crazy?! Thanks THG😁

    Rhonda HugginsRhonda Huggins2 сарын өмнө
  • As a child of Twentieth Century America, I'm conscious of having been governed by fools and knaves. Some things never change.

    Drawn2myattentionDrawn2myattention2 сарын өмнө
  • History Guy, love your channel, but yes I was confused. Once I got past the numerous characters, I was still left confused at the end as to why this letter had a Valentine reference. Please help!

    Harry SharpHarry Sharp2 сарын өмнө
  • Wrong century for yon Plague, yet 5 is oft mistaken for 3...

    Christopher EllisChristopher Ellis2 сарын өмнө
  • most forbidden documentary--- Europa The Last Battle at archive . org

    Ronnie JonesRonnie Jones2 сарын өмнө
  • The story of James I of Scotland is similar, but not as confusing, and it eventually had a happy ending

    Gordon StewartGordon Stewart2 сарын өмнө
  • And I thought US history was convoluted.

    Phil GiglioPhil Giglio2 сарын өмнө
  • I too will enjoy a little bit of, 'House of Bourbon Madness', once I open my bottle of Woodford Double Oaked Bourbon a little later. To an other fine episode, cheers, History Guy!.

    E WolskiE Wolski2 сарын өмнө
  • Huh? What?

    Neil GoodmanNeil Goodman2 сарын өмнө
  • The way I see it, no one in the US celebrated Valentine's Day until the Chinese arrived, with their ancient custom of giving gifts in red envelopes at Asian New Year, which is usually in late January or February. Christians were probably afraid that people would pick up this custom and forget their faith for a while.

    Mike DialMike Dial2 сарын өмнө
  • After listening to this, I suddenly remembered why I dropped out of Late Middle Ages European History class in college in the '70's, being unable to keep up with who's who and who married who and who killed who.

    CharlesinGACharlesinGA2 сарын өмнө
  • I am so glad 9 found this channel. You have an amazing and captivating way of presenting history. I would love an episode on your favorite history story or fact.

    Siett13Siett132 сарын өмнө
  • What a soap opera!

    Jim KunkleJim Kunkle2 сарын өмнө
  • This reminds me of a Dumas novel. :)

    Raymond LugoRaymond Lugo2 сарын өмнө
  • Much better than the history channel. Personal and authoritative. Thank you sir

    Mike McKoyMike McKoy2 сарын өмнө
  • Gotta love the elites. They are so much smarter than us peasants. Never fear, the neo-feudalists are here to save us from ourselves.

    Glenn HowdenGlenn Howden2 сарын өмнө
  • 50 seconds in and I shout at the monitor, "But are there pirates?!"

    Chris ShererChris Sherer2 сарын өмнө
  • That tongue-in-cheek synopsis was priceless! 😂😆 Hope you're celebrating with your sweet valentine. 💜🤗

    Trish the homesteaderTrish the homesteader2 сарын өмнө
  • Thank you for another interesting video History Guy

    Sam EyersSam Eyers2 сарын өмнө
  • Sir, You really make great videos. But can you please provide them with subtitles/cc? It would really be helpful.

    Roshani GRoshani G2 сарын өмнө
  • You make history compelling. unfortunately it has an adverse effect on my professional life. Watching when I should be updating my profile and completing CE deadlines. :-(

    William JonesWilliam Jones2 сарын өмнө
  • Thanks for the recap History Guy. I was going to have to re-watch the whole video again, but this time with a score card to keep track of all the intrigue.

    Doc TarDoc Tar2 сарын өмнө
  • got there eventually

    Little Pocket ManLittle Pocket Man2 сарын өмнө
  • mnthe.info/hello/vmEISc6e4tLwn8TyS14ncw

    Little Pocket ManLittle Pocket Man2 сарын өмнө
  • cant post the link You tube wont let me. please let me know what you think

    Little Pocket ManLittle Pocket Man2 сарын өмнө
  • The History Guy - please watch the "Time Team Classics" you will love it!!

    Little Pocket ManLittle Pocket Man2 сарын өмнө

    TiredOldDad1TiredOldDad12 сарын өмнө
  • WOW. One of the saddest love stories yet! Thanks for the Recap as for several moments, having not taken notes, I became lost in the madness going on. Defiantly History Worth Remembering

    Ed GlunzEd Glunz2 сарын өмнө
  • Wow, those are an awful lot of people's names to follow!

    RogerRoger2 сарын өмнө
  • This was not so much about Valentines that’s why it was so confusing. Not his best

    Ronald whiteRonald white2 сарын өмнө
    • How is it not about Valentine's Day? It is literally the history of what is generally acknowledged to be the first written Valentine.

      The History Guy: History Deserves to Be RememberedThe History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered2 сарын өмнө
  • Holy crap I couldn’t follow any of that. History Guy, next time put up a chart or visual aide cause without that final recap it was too dense to follow.

    Chan LawMonkeyChan LawMonkey2 сарын өмнө
    • Love the content, keep up the great work!

      Chan LawMonkeyChan LawMonkey2 сарын өмнө
    • Just two families over just two generations.

      The History Guy: History Deserves to Be RememberedThe History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered2 сарын өмнө
  • You look like you are losing weight.

    Willelmus WaleysWillelmus Waleys2 сарын өмнө
  • ... Or-Leon !....Jesus!

    FlumsteadFlumstead2 сарын өмнө
  • There must be pirates involved somewhere in this story!

    Thomas LanguellThomas Languell2 сарын өмнө
  • Power, women & prison created Valentines day, but were did prince John come io with the term Valentine?

    Greg PlanckGreg Planck2 сарын өмнө
  • Great work, yet again Sir! Not entirely sure that Duc Charles' "I am Already Sick of Love" meant exactly what we would now interpret... It may well have meant "I am Sick With Love". I think medieval quotes in particular should not be taken as literally as first read.

    bryan3550bryan35502 сарын өмнө
    • @The History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered Aha! Yes. "I am already tired of love." 👍

      bryan3550bryan35502 сарын өмнө
    • The line written in French was "Je suis desja d'amour tanné."

      The History Guy: History Deserves to Be RememberedThe History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered2 сарын өмнө
  • Be my Valentine ... else I'll lay siege to your Castle

    CliffCliff2 сарын өмнө
  • Professor~ I know you meant to say 1347-1352, and not 1547-1552 in referring to the first black plague of Europe. Just to let you know that we are listening as we sloush in our seats at the back of the class. Very convoluted tale of the nastiest "Noble" men of the time. I first was fascinated by Engurrand VII, Lord de Coucy; he who was "not king, not..." Well, another story

    Alex GarzaAlex Garza2 сарын өмнө
    • You are correct, I stated the dates wrong. I apologize for the error.

      The History Guy: History Deserves to Be RememberedThe History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered2 сарын өмнө
  • Well, that is the most un-valentine story I've ever heard.

    Mr CairoMr Cairo2 сарын өмнө
    • I disagree that it is completely un-valentine, in that Charles did seem to legitimately love Bonne of Armagnac. But yes, the story of what is generally acknowledged to be the first written Valentine is not what you would expect.

      The History Guy: History Deserves to Be RememberedThe History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered2 сарын өмнө
  • Huh

    Opa PearceOpa Pearce2 сарын өмнө
  • Your hair looks better longer like that.

    B uppyB uppy2 сарын өмнө
  • sigh, too much advertising now ruining this channel. love the content though

    Secret AgentSecret Agent2 сарын өмнө
  • I won't go so far as to say that all the meandering elements were convoluted, but I do have to ask, what was the lesson of this history?

    Wm RayburnWm Rayburn2 сарын өмнө
    • History doesn’t always have to bear a lesson, but many can be derived from this story, including, of course, that surprising things can come from the meanderings of history.

      The History Guy: History Deserves to Be RememberedThe History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered2 сарын өмнө
  • I was confused when you referenced the Black Plague being in the 1500s at 3:40. Wouldn’t that be the 1300s?

    Thomas LongThomas Long2 сарын өмнө
    • @The History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered I had to rewind and thought I heard wrong or my memory of the Black Plague was wrong. But I get it. Happens to me too! Love your channel and appreciate the history and have learned a few things. Faithful watcher. Keep em coming. Tom.

      Thomas LongThomas Long2 сарын өмнө
    • Yes, my mistake. I apologize for the error.

      The History Guy: History Deserves to Be RememberedThe History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered2 сарын өмнө
  • Those people were nuts!

    musicartlover1955musicartlover19552 сарын өмнө
  • Could do a video on the Mary Rogers case and Edgar Allen Poe's infatuation With her. Going so far as to write a story about it. I think your subscribers might find it interesting. Great channel!

    Christopher DeanChristopher Dean2 сарын өмнө
  • wow who on first, whats on second,happy valentines,I think???

    Dave cDave c2 сарын өмнө
  • Video starts at 2:40

    Mister HatMister Hat2 сарын өмнө
  • Fascinating, could have definitely used a few family tree exhibits to follow the convoluted family rivalries!

    M. NixM. Nix2 сарын өмнө
  • I very much enjoy your take on European history, but were there enough pirates?

    Rob JuneauRob Juneau2 сарын өмнө
  • Let's take a moment to think about this "holiday" and what it entails. Gifts for women. How many commercials and ads are directed to men for what they can get for women. Once again, men are appreciated for what they can provide. I have four married sons, and not one of them has received more that a card for Valentines...ever. Neither have I. While it sounds like I am crying, I am not. Just observing.

    Großer MaikGroßer Maik2 сарын өмнө
  • Ummm...could you go over that just one more time?🤔

    J BJ B2 сарын өмнө
  • I knew Dr. Who wasn't as shitty as they say.

    Adam BurgerAdam Burger2 сарын өмнө
  • Very good video! Unrelated topic, but the history of Ed Link and his Link Trainer (flight simulator) is history that deserves to be remembered, as it trained thousands of pilots around the world.

    Tim CarlsonTim Carlson2 сарын өмнө
    • Yes! Great idea!

      dlbstldlbstlСарын өмнө
  • And all this subterfuge and Machiavellian conniving was done with lemon juice invisible ink - not abandoning damaged laptops containing porn and evidence of treasonous international payment for play influence peddling. Amazing!

    lavillablancalavillablanca2 сарын өмнө
  • Too many 'would's.

    wally cleaverwally cleaver2 сарын өмнө
  • This was fascinating Sir, as all you produce is, but I personally had trouble keeping track of who’s who and who-did-what after about 2 minutes. Complex, to say the least. Along with some seriously sick practices of the age, like marrying off a six year-old. I’m wondering if in a coming episode THG might cover a piece of history related to this long and complicated saga: that is the Duke de Berry’s “Book of Hours,” which I have heard of, but not clear it is associated with the same Duke you reference. Would be an interesting tie-in. TY.

    Andy CraddockAndy Craddock2 сарын өмнө
  • My head is spinning! Royals and their antics.

    Tina McLaughlinTina McLaughlin2 сарын өмнө
  • is there a problem in the years? talking about 1300, then talking about 1500s then back to 1300s i even got CC started to make sure i was hearing it right.

    gdbanks75gdbanks752 сарын өмнө
  • This all seems like a dull day in a typical soap opera ....

    Alexander PerryAlexander Perry2 сарын өмнө
  • I started to watch it... then came the ads... næækst❗️

    Daniel RepettoDaniel Repetto2 сарын өмнө
  • It's hard to keep all the nobles and their relatives straight. You need a diagram.

    Kevin BurkeKevin Burke2 сарын өмнө
  • Doesn't "Valentine" suggest that it was written in celebration of St. Valentine's day? But this wasn't in celebration of anything like that, and people have composed love-poems for centuries, men and women! Why would this story even be CONSIDERED as the origin of St. Valentine's?!?

    Karen LKaren L2 сарын өмнө
  • So, it’s the first anti-valentine?! Without watching it all again, (I did try to scan through for a while) was Valentine her name, or pet name, or a common term of affection?

    Winona LieuxWinona Lieux2 сарын өмнө
    • It is not fair to say that it is an "anti-Valentine." Farewell to Love is certainly a love poem. No, her name was not Valentine- he was writing to Bonne of Armagnac. The fact that he refers to her as "my very gentle valentine" is why the poem is widely acknowledged to be history's first Valentine.

      The History Guy: History Deserves to Be RememberedThe History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered2 сарын өмнө
  • There were so many greedy men doing each other wrong or in that I actually lost track & interest, the poem was lovely.

    Jen FordJen Ford2 сарын өмнө
  • “Valois” is pronounced “valwa”.

    Dag-Erling SmørgravDag-Erling Smørgrav2 сарын өмнө
  • My head is spinning...

    Dan DDan D2 сарын өмнө
  • Blimey, I thought my family was messed up....

    Spam CannonSpam Cannon2 сарын өмнө
  • I looked up the origin of St. Valentine's day, and all I found were massive amounts of orgies. Temple and church-sponsored, some not, basically, every time, it had something to do with sex.

    Karen LKaren L2 сарын өмнө
  • Master of history

    Anthony AbohAnthony Aboh2 сарын өмнө
  • Know who we love, History Guy? You. That's who we love! Thanks for all you do putting out such great material!

    NonNobisSolumNonNobisSolum2 сарын өмнө
  • No pink tie?

    Shawn HarringtonShawn Harrington2 сарын өмнө
  • Please move your ad reads to the end of your videos so they're easier to skip.

    Larry PhischmanLarry Phischman2 сарын өмнө
  • If you got lost, join the club, I think that was the plan. What is love after all? It’s not a tale of incest, madness, pedaphilia, jealousy, envy, pride, lust, like the “royal” families. It’s a tale of life and a state of mind.

    Philip GardnerPhilip Gardner2 сарын өмнө
  • Here's a suggestion for an episode: The life of Thomas Miller Beach aka Henri le Caron.

    Wayne HitchcockWayne Hitchcock2 сарын өмнө
  • You'd never right a piece of fiction this convoluted. In other words, truth is stranger than fiction.

    hb trustmehb trustme2 сарын өмнө
  • 4:05 The more I look at this painting the harder it becomes to look away. Why do they all have the same face? What are those horses smiling about? What small malnourished child is hiding in the fourth man from bottom rights armor?

    KilikusKilikus2 сарын өмнө
  • In simple term a pre-Hatfield-McCoy feud but on a much larger and Royal blood scale

    Cornbreadfed KirkpatrickCornbreadfed Kirkpatrick2 сарын өмнө
    • @51WCDodge True, that is right like I didn't get to choose to take care of my little sister kids I was forced too and then that thing told them not to mind me or to listen to me and now they told three to do the same,so I get to leave first chance no remorse. the only reason one of them cares about free money each month

      Cornbreadfed KirkpatrickCornbreadfed Kirkpatrick2 сарын өмнө
    • @Cornbreadfed Kirkpatrick The problem with families, is you don't get to choose 'em! Enjoy the journey. :-)

      51WCDodge51WCDodge2 сарын өмнө
    • @51WCDodge yes but the thing that birthed me said certain things never happened I know better, she even hid her mom's bible and her cousin book on her family from me motherly hate at its best huh

      Cornbreadfed KirkpatrickCornbreadfed Kirkpatrick2 сарын өмнө
    • @Cornbreadfed Kirkpatrick yeah my fmily had that as well. Only found out after my Mother died she made sure somone told me.But hey All families are human :-)

      51WCDodge51WCDodge2 сарын өмнө
    • @51WCDodge I've been preparing myself when I overhead my aunt saying something about a family secret that was never mentioned but knew about, acknowledged but never went forward

      Cornbreadfed KirkpatrickCornbreadfed Kirkpatrick2 сарын өмнө