The Gadsden purchase

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On December 30, 1853, the first draft of a treaty was signed that would complete the borders of the United States “lower 48.” The Gadsden purchase was grounded in the politics and economics of the era, had significant political ramifications on both sides of the border. It is history that deserves to be remembered.

This is original content based on research by The History Guy. Images in the Public Domain are carefully selected and provide illustration. As very few images of the actual event are available in the Public Domain, images of similar objects and events are used for illustration.

You can purchase the bow tie worn in this episode at The Tie Bar:

All events are portrayed in historical context and for educational purposes. No images or content are primarily intended to shock and disgust. Those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it. Non censuram.

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Script by THG

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  • Do a video on Ft. Bowie and Apache Springs.

    L.Quran HubbardL.Quran Hubbard5 өдрийн өмнө
  • What is your Cat's Name. So cute

    Dennis WilliamsDennis Williams5 өдрийн өмнө
  • The Southern States Legally Seceded from the union it was not a not rebellion.

    jim vickjim vick13 өдрийн өмнө
  • That cat loves you.

    Stan HutchesonStan Hutcheson21 өдрийн өмнө
  • Hate the advertising begging!

    Lee EllakLee Ellak29 өдрийн өмнө
  • This actually bothers me just because borders where nicer before, now they are like an ugly straight line lol

    Trufa incTrufa incСарын өмнө
  • Now I *have* to watch to see if he really said, " of the most feminist gunfights in history...".🤣

    hippycathippycatСарын өмнө
  • How the west was won over. Bullets. Lots and lots of bullets, especially if you include the civil war

    Vincent GallagherVincent Gallagher2 сарын өмнө
  • Hey History Guy Texas wasn't taken from Mexico, Mexico reneged on a deal and paid the price.

    Lou GLou G2 сарын өмнө
  • Sometimes...the best poops...are the stinkiest poops 💩

    Matt StoneMatt Stone2 сарын өмнө
  • 17% advertising. Really?

    Paul MullinsPaul Mullins2 сарын өмнө
  • As a son of a cartographer, k Panama. It worked

    James HammonsJames Hammons3 сарын өмнө
  • Only MNthe content, I don’t speed through the commercials

    James HammonsJames Hammons3 сарын өмнө
  • I kind of like the idea of camels.

    Cliff MennengerCliff Mennenger3 сарын өмнө
  • If I could double like this it'd because of the cat.

    TK GTK G3 сарын өмнө
  • Now I understand mr creosote wow

    Enckidoo FallingEnckidoo Falling3 сарын өмнө
  • I remember when this channels subs were less than my rent. Grats on your success. You obviously work hard on your material and deserve it.

    Nick SemertzidesNick Semertzides3 сарын өмнө
  • im just trying to not fail history

    Gigi susuicoGigi susuico3 сарын өмнө
  • Most of history is a succeeding turn of events that eventually lead to outcomes that can have lasting effects for decades, or hundreds of years into the future. And The History Guy is there to see that history be remembered. 😉👍

    George BGeorge B3 сарын өмнө
  • Did I see a map with Kansas spelled "Kanzas"? Is there a story there?

    Matt NicholsonMatt Nicholson4 сарын өмнө
  • New York bankers. Still found a way to incorporate pirates, I see.

    polyglot8polyglot84 сарын өмнө
  • 2:40 for the content.

    commenter namecommenter name4 сарын өмнө
  • Really great video!

    Peter PaynePeter Payne4 сарын өмнө
  • Before you purchase a VPN I would strongly suggest you investigate just how many of the VPN servers are known. I have been a customer of NordVPN for several years now and agree it is a great and useful product BUT its servers are apparently very well known to a large number of web sites which will not let you connect if you are using a NordVPN IP address. For this reason I probably will not renew unless NordVPN can address this issue.

    Land TunaLand Tuna4 сарын өмнө
  • My moms family name is Booze. A cousin told me our family made bottles with the name stamped on the bottom, small portable bottles that might fit in a pocket. An important thing during prohibition. This alcohol became Booze. I do not know if this is true. Maybe a historian could solve the puzzle

    Terry EasterTerry Easter4 сарын өмнө
  • Remembering Global History in college was like going to the DMV with your phone's battery dead and you have three more hours there. This Guy makes it SO much more interesting unlike Professor Ellison with almost the same voice saying, Bueller,

    Alex OrtizAlex Ortiz4 сарын өмнө
  • i grew up in the (land secured by the) Gadsden Purchase. Thanks for highlighting it.

    Dale RobinsonDale Robinson4 сарын өмнө
  • Santa Ana is one of those strange characters in history who had a few brilliant moments marred by others of shame brought upon themselves. He was an autocrat who's generally regarded as a traitor and a disgrace to Mexico, who can only be compared to Caligula or Nero; a clown in history. Regarding the railroad across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, it remained an issue with the US up to the times of Porfirio Díaz, who repelled an American naval attack intending to capture it with German guns. Incidentally, the idea of building such a railroad has been proposed by the present Mexican government, although it's unlikely to succeed.

    jjeherrerajjeherrera4 сарын өмнө
  • It is pronouced day-ta, not datta.

    ochsbloggerochsblogger4 сарын өмнө
  • There's a road sign on US-95 in southern Yuma County, Arizona, near the town of Gadsden, that shows the miles to "Old Mexico".

    Michael DuntonMichael Dunton4 сарын өмнө
  • ........ I've found that slowing down the playback speed one notch makes the rapid-fire naration more listenable.

    haulofrecordshaulofrecords4 сарын өмнө
  • *Question to any viewer:* Has any nation, except the US, ever been divided over the practice of slavery? Slave (and peasant) revolts have pockmarked history, of course, but that is not considered "civil" war. It's civil unrest. However, for a nation to divide over something as fundamental to human economies as slavery has been strikes me as unique and I wonder if any other nation ever experienced steep political division over it. (I don't think so, b/c no precedent existed in which the morality of it had been questioned. It seems the French Enlightenment helped stir the novel sentiment against slavery and of course - the manner and scale of it certainly garnered attention as well).

    GaslitWorld f. Melissa BGaslitWorld f. Melissa B4 сарын өмнө
  • Your internet experience is one story you don't want to involve pirates. 😆

    A. S.A. S.4 сарын өмнө
  • Two minutes of blather about Nord VPN at the start of your vids often sees me going elsewhere.

    TankUniTankUni4 сарын өмнө
  • I traveled the southern route by train from San Antonio to Los Angeles in 1959. It took 3 days. I had a coach seat. Missed it being steam driven by a couple of years. I flew back to Meacham Field in Fort Worth on a DC 6. It took 5 hours. 10 years later my sister made the trip from and back to Dallas Love Field on a 747. Thanks for tinkling my memory keys History Guy.

    Ferengi profiteerFerengi profiteer4 сарын өмнө
  • cat super KOOL

    Don AllenDon Allen4 сарын өмнө
  • Thank you for the very interesting video! I lived in Las Cruces NM near Mesilla for many years and I always wondered about the Gadsden Purchase.

    velvet911pkvelvet911pk4 сарын өмнө
  • Please dude, why not tell the real truth? Santana as much as a “villain” that he was, was handed an “offer that he couldn’t refuse”. Here the real VILLAIN as is usually in most occasions was the US.

    Alfredo MunozAlfredo Munoz4 сарын өмнө
  • That's a good looking cat. Obviously dominates the studio. What's his/her name?

    Jerry DunnJerry Dunn4 сарын өмнө
  • Wow! That was a lot of history for 15 minutes. You were lucky to get a CAT scan done at the end!

    Thomas O'BrienThomas O'Brien4 сарын өмнө
  • :-) I still have trouble getting used to the word "route" being pronounced as "rowt" instead of "root". So many routes...

    Andrew TrumperAndrew Trumper4 сарын өмнө
  • About Mexican claims to Texas. At no time in history did Mexico ever exert any real control over Texas. Unlike the passive rabbit hunters in California Mexico could never subdue the buffalo hunters of Texas so Mexican colonies only existed at the pleasure of the natives. Western historians might say different but the reality says Mexico has always been blowing smoke with the claim.

    KLRJUNEKLRJUNE4 сарын өмнө
  • What does "non censuram" mean?

    Ray Lee WayneRay Lee Wayne4 сарын өмнө
  • Oh schnap is that Dr. Zaius?!?

    Eric JohnsonEric Johnson4 сарын өмнө
  • Because of the camel experiment, many people in the west knew what camels looked like. There is a mountain in the Phoenix area called Camelback Mountain because of it. And yes, it does look like a camel's back

    Space CoyoteSpace Coyote4 сарын өмнө
  • All great stories include pirates, or cats.

    Tom BrunerTom Bruner5 сарын өмнө
  • Too bad the Baja peninsula wasn’t negotiated, a natural border and good harbor. I liked the cat 🐱😂😎

    Vincent StouterVincent Stouter5 сарын өмнө
  • Has Mexico always been a corrupt,bankrupt state? Si!

    wazza33racerwazza33racer5 сарын өмнө
  • HISTORY GUY NOW !NOW! MUST be carefull not to upset thee ALL POWERFULL WOKE LEFT! OR.....he will be ....canceled.

    salinagrrrl69salinagrrrl695 сарын өмнө
  • brilliant! Can we have something about how this all culminated in Germany exploiting the poor relationship between US and Mexico during WW1? Love you, THG, but you only scratched the surface of US-Mexico relations devolving in the early 1900's and how that bad relationship was exploited by foreign actors

    Morey BurnardMorey Burnard5 сарын өмнө
    • also, your cat is very cute and we love it

      Morey BurnardMorey Burnard5 сарын өмнө
  • Love your kitty he’s beautiful

    John MyersJohn Myers5 сарын өмнө
  • Star Trek Discovery a "great show"? You need to say a few our fathers for that sinful statement

    Dean FirnatineDean Firnatine5 сарын өмнө
  • One of your best and eye opening episodes! 😃

    Ezra SteinbergEzra Steinberg5 сарын өмнө
  • it's all about making money for you, not history, thumbs down

    wm c barkerwm c barker5 сарын өмнө
  • Tying the Gadsden Purchase to the OK Corral 30 years later with all the impacts of Mr. Lincoln's War of Northern Aggression seems a bit of a stretch. And yes, I phrased it that way intentionally, to infuriate the always self righteous PC scum who have destroyed our liberty in the last 50 years.

    Gordon CavisGordon Cavis5 сарын өмнө
  • Love when history cat makes a cameo

    Thom LinfordThom Linford5 сарын өмнө
  • Am I the only one who thinks this guy looks like Hugh Laurie?

    Steve NowakSteve Nowak5 сарын өмнө
    • I was going to make that exact comment but I thought I'd better check first!

      PhiloYT1PhiloYT15 сарын өмнө
  • Last Naval episode of WW II

    USSBB62USSBB625 сарын өмнө
  • Isnt it time for some new glasses?

    Aaron EvansAaron Evans5 сарын өмнө
  • I don't mind you having a sponsor, but a two-minute ad for them in a 15-minute video is a bit too much.

    VWestlifeVWestlife5 сарын өмнө
  • 2 minutes of commercials? happy your making money but think its a little excessive .

    maza radhemaza radhe5 сарын өмнө
  • Another excellent and informative video. Thanks Lance. Couldn't help but notice on one of the presented maps the name of Total Wreck (Arizona). Surely, a town whose history deserves to be remembered?

    Bucc LeuchBucc Leuch5 сарын өмнө
  • Enjoy your channel. With the holidays I am catching up on episodes. So, it amazes me how little people know about history and especially when the subjects are still effecting their daily lives in a very profound way. I have worked for, let's say the majority of existing railroads. I don't want to be called out if I say everyone and someone pulls out one like the small one in Eureka Springs Arkansas. I have done work for many of these companies that do dinner trains and theater, mystery. Most of my work though was for the railroads that deliver pretty much every single product that you use. Not an exaggeration. I owned a right of way clearing and maintenance company. I have worked in every state except Alaska, yes even Hawaii on the islands of Maui and Kauai. I have seen many parts of this great country that probably have not been seen by many people, let alone visited and worked in. I have also had the great pleasure of meeting many wonderful people in my travels. It always struck me in all the conversations that I had and loved. It always caught me by surprise how much the railroads were transparent or invisible to them. When asked what I did, one reaction was at the top. Railroads, really, I didn't think that was really a thing anymore. Not kidding. I really learned a lot of history doing that job and had the best office. I will always recommend a cross country sleeper and be sure to catch one sunrise and sunset in an observation car. Doesn't matter where you are, it's a glorious sight. Peace and prosperity for all in the nee year.

    Scott JohnstonScott Johnston5 сарын өмнө
  • The History Guy is all right in my book. Fine programs but mainly his cat. Anyone who loves cats (and just about any other animal) would seem to be a compassionate person.

    Patrick DivineyPatrick Diviney5 сарын өмнө
  • I always get dismayed whenever I hear about American history when it involves slavery, but more so when it is connected to the indigenous people and the treatment they received from the early settlers to modern USA, I think it is scandalous and abhorrent that the “USA” either took or swindled the rightful owners of the lands that they had lived on for centuries, corralled them onto reservations, killed them en-masse either with firearms or smallpox etc, deprived them of access to their traditional hunting grounds, spiritual burial grounds and hunted the buffalo 🦬 to extinction and raped their lands of the mineral deposits and the lumber rich forests, and yet, now that the USA is the champions of the repressed and poorly treated citizens of the world, the bastion of democracy, land of the free and the American dream STILL won’t recognise what their ancestors did, and the current administration’s continue to do, and make fair restitution to the indigenous peoples. Another excellent episode,thanks for sharing. 😀👍🇬🇧🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿

    Dj PhantomDj Phantom5 сарын өмнө
  • Foolish Senate ... regardless of politics it seems hard to imagine the lack of foresight of the Senate to refuse land. Hindsight is 2020 I guess. Shocking they didn't insist on Baha Penn. ... would have been of immense strategic value.

    lonewulf44lonewulf445 сарын өмнө
  • Norid avoids pirates. And don’t all good stories have pirates?

    george lunageorge luna5 сарын өмнө
  • Cute kitty, History Guy. 🐱

    Shea BallardShea Ballard5 сарын өмнө
  • Love your kitty. More info on him/her. Rescue?

    Eric TroxellEric Troxell5 сарын өмнө
  • It is Mesilla not messiah valley.

    S. Lee MccauleyS. Lee Mccauley5 сарын өмнө
  • KITTY!

    ChlorateChlorate5 сарын өмнө
  • My childhood home was in the Gadsden Purchase...I grew up literally right on the Texas/New Mexico border in El Paso. Our house was built on a plot of land that was apparently right in the course of the Rio Grande when the international boundary was established (as a kid, we could cut over a fence and be on the river levee in no time). We were on the west side of town, and were well north of the post-Gadsden Purchase international border. Part of my parents' property was in New Mexico! The surrounding school district in New Mexico was the Gadsden School District. My grandfather was an employee of the Southern Pacific railroad.

    Brent BoswellBrent Boswell5 сарын өмнө
  • I cant believe just how many wars were fought in America, by Americans, against other Americans...

    Pedro TheSwiftPedro TheSwift5 сарын өмнө
  • Too much advertising at the start, unsubscribed.

    Resist the Plan-demic CON-VID evil.Resist the Plan-demic CON-VID evil.5 сарын өмнө
  • Aah cute cat ours believe it or not is a black stray cat well I think he was a stray came up too my fathers feet two days before Halloween n the village graveyard

    Halfcan TanHalfcan Tan5 сарын өмнө
  • I always wished the US had included puerto penasco so Arizona would have had a beach destination that didn’t require the risk Mexican travel presents.

    xcvx16xcvx165 сарын өмнө
    • Imagine Arizona with a port city. Could have happened if it wasn't for North/South politics.

      John BJohn B5 сарын өмнө
  • Great to hear you mention the Mesilla Valley!! I live there, in Las Cruces.!!

    Fred J.Fred J.5 сарын өмнө
  • Your ad content has gotten too long. Its longer than the video!

    Mark AllanMark Allan5 сарын өмнө
  • Can you do a video on the Atlas I Trestle at Sandia National Labs on Kirtland Air Force Base. It was the largest NNEMP (Non-Nuclear Electromagnetic Pulse) generator in the world. It is also the world's largest structure composed entirely of wood and glue laminate.

    Patrick DolcePatrick Dolce5 сарын өмнө
  • I have only been on utube for four years ...History Guy is my one and only favorite

    Chris EnglishChris English5 сарын өмнө
  • Love your channel! This one was great. I had always wondered about the Gadsen Purchase. I have always loved some of the more obscure or not so obvious reasons for history. Barb Tuchman was great at this. If you haven't read her books you should. They would be a great source for stories. (Her theory of what the British Fleet of the coast of America didn't come to Cornwall's defense was simply that their admiral suffered from gaut (sp???). You should do a story on the settling of the northern border with Canada, primarily focus on Dr. Vancouver who actually lived in Oregon City, just outside Portland today. He was a doctor and his office is still a museum in Oregon City today. I had heard that headed to Canada after the deal was struck. Besides Vancouver, British Colombia, there is also a Vancouver, Washington. A city just north of Portland. Also interesting was the visit of a sea captain and the exploration of Lewis and Clark which gave US claim to the area. Also of interest is the Oregon Trail and the route that people had to take, including a choice of going over the mountains or going down river which at that time included some rapids of which some settlers didn't survive. While doing road work in Oregon they came across an unmarked grave of someone who had died presumably an explorer from the Trail.

    Dee EssDee Ess5 сарын өмнө
    • I had wanted to add that when I was in college, my professor assigned to me a paper on what was Spain's role in the American Revolutionary War. France was our ally, but little known was that Spain too had joined our cause. Directly Spain did little to help us, but they did create a naval battle which they lost to their detriment. But it did draw the British Navy away from the US so indirectly they helped us.

      Dee EssDee Ess5 сарын өмнө
  • YE GADSden.

    Hank HicksHank Hicks5 сарын өмнө
  • As always I’m amazed at what you teach. I enjoy your channel and am an avid history buff. Thank you keep it coming.

    Joseph WelchJoseph Welch5 сарын өмнө
  • I use NordVPN and have been for 1+ years. Love it!

    Ron ORon O5 сарын өмнө
  • I live in Mesilla New Mexico where the transfer of the land in the Gadsden Purchase took place. Nothing much has changed since then either in Mesilla, New Mexico. Well we do have indoor plumbing and electricity, but it's still a quaint siesta community.

    Mark Bangs-SchwartzMark Bangs-Schwartz5 сарын өмнө
  • Love te cat

    Hans RoestHans Roest5 сарын өмнө
  • You have to hand it to Santa Anna, the comeback kid of the 19th century.

    Allen AtkinsAllen Atkins5 сарын өмнө
  • Way to much add.

    Carolyn ProvostCarolyn Provost5 сарын өмнө
  • THUMBS it the Gadsden Purchase or INVASIVE, INTRUSIVE HUCKSTERING for some CRAP called NORDVPN....these idiots ruin EVERYTHING positive that the internet COULD BE

    Conley GeorgeConley George5 сарын өмнө
  • Fascinating as always. I cannot remember which blogger I learned the phrase “I think you’ll find it’s more complicated than that” from, but you always put the historical twists and turns in & it makes the history “real” to me. A big hi from downunder 👍

    Mad MaxMad Max5 сарын өмнө
  • And yet you hear Mexicans (illegal and otherwise) today talk about how the US "stole their land". Sorry you agreed and took payment.

    sw8741sw87415 сарын өмнө
  • No reflection on you, and I only attempted to subscribe to NordVPn on your recommendation, but I tried to pay for the subscription deal that you've offered and the payment process failed after multiple attempts using two different cc accounts. My bank is texting me, recognizing potential fraud, and "chatting" with Nord didn't really get me anywhere. The offer is expiring soon. I had never even heard of VPN's until I saw your presentation/advertisement. Sounded like a good idea. So far, not so good. I'm all for better internet security and anonymity. But something's not exactly right. Now I'm concerned that I've set myself up for a problem with paying online. Color me worried. Love your channel. Sorry.

    jbj27406jbj274065 сарын өмнө
  • Does Arizona still have the law that Hunting camels is prohibited?

    John AnonJohn Anon5 сарын өмнө
  • I'm enjoying these new THG intros. I like how it's a bit different each time

    AAA999XYZAAA999XYZ5 сарын өмнө
  • How about a piece about the Mormon Batallion, a force that marched through the area of the Gadsden Purchase in what their commander described as one of the most arduous marches undertaken.

    Donald W. MeyersDonald W. Meyers5 сарын өмнө
    • @The History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered You'll find there is a link between the batallion and Lewis & Clark's Corps of Discovery.

      Donald W. MeyersDonald W. Meyers5 сарын өмнө
    • The Mormon Battalion is certainly on our to do list.

      The History Guy: History Deserves to Be RememberedThe History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered5 сарын өмнө
  • Good video, but lose the cat.

    jl smithjl smith5 сарын өмнө
    • @The History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered LOL

      jl smithjl smith5 сарын өмнө
    • No. Respectfully, I like the cat more then you.

      The History Guy: History Deserves to Be RememberedThe History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered5 сарын өмнө
  • Huh. A conflict between rural and urban dwellers? These lines are still drawn in politics today. Your cat seems rather large.

    Just LookingJust Looking5 сарын өмнө
    • Pookie isn't particularly large at all. maybe there is some forced perspective since I was holding him in front of me.

      The History Guy: History Deserves to Be RememberedThe History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered5 сарын өмнө
  • Star trek discovery is not by any means a great show.

    Kenneth DraperKenneth Draper5 сарын өмнө
    • LOL, honestly I have never seen an episode. But I could, on Netflix, in the US, using my Nord VPN.

      The History Guy: History Deserves to Be RememberedThe History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered5 сарын өмнө
  • I live in God's own country (Cochise County, Arizona and just a few miles from the site of the famous shootout) and am grateful for the Gadsden Purchase! I own my own little piece of heaven here! I recall reading about the purchase when I was in college. Living here, it was of great interest to me. I read that of the three original proposals, congress rejected the two larger ones (in favor of the smaller one made even smaller) as Northern States feared adding so much new, potentially slave, territory so the compromise was for the least area required for the railroad path. Much like the derision of Seward received (Seward's Folly etc) for the Alaska Purchase, most in Congress felt they were paying too much for a barren, economically worthless piece of land. I wonder how history would have changed had the U.S. purchased the largest option?

    Wild Bill ArizonaWild Bill Arizona5 сарын өмнө
  • Camels originated in North America, and migrated across the land bridge when Alaska and Asia were connected. Their feet were adapted to walking in snow. Those feet were well-adapted to walking on sand, and today we associate them with desert travel.

    Louis HansellLouis Hansell5 сарын өмнө