The Age of the Pyramid Builders

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More than 4500 years ago, Ancient Egypt came to a height for the first time during the Old Kingdom period. This period saw the development of much of what we now think of as Ancient Egyptian, including the idea of a divine king, the use of hieroglyphics, and the construction of pyramids. Also known as the “Age of the Pyramid Builders,” the Old Kingdom saw some of the greatest monuments ever built by man.

This is original content based on research by The History Guy. Images in the Public Domain are carefully selected and provide illustration. As very few images of the actual event are available in the Public Domain, images of similar objects and events are used for illustration.

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All events are portrayed in historical context and for educational purposes. No images or content are primarily intended to shock and disgust. Those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it. Non censuram.

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Script by JCG

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  • Pepe the 2nd

    adizmaladizmal20 өдрийн өмнө
  • People make the stone age sound like it's some kind of primitive era. The most fantastic structures on the planet were cut from stone and "modern technology" has failed to recreate them. Modern structures will be scrap-metal and dust while stone-aged structures stand the test of time....

    spoonbredspoonbred21 өдрийн өмнө
  • "Look on my works ye mighty and despair"!

    Bob AlouieBob AlouieСарын өмнө
  • Everyone knows aliens built the pyramids

    Will LastnameguyWill Lastnameguy2 сарын өмнө
  • A group that lied and still does to take credit for things they didn't build......history not worth being remembered

    Sean LynchSean Lynch2 сарын өмнө
  • No slaves, Moses would disagree

    Sean RemingtonSean Remington2 сарын өмнө
  • Hate to disagree with you on this one, but I know what it takes to move material from point A to B and there is no possible way you can quarry, transport, warehouse, cut and place per day 260 to 300 one and a half ton blocks with every man woman and child working on the project for 20 years. That would only be fraction of the required horsepower? Younger Dryas Event!

    urchin getterurchin getter3 сарын өмнө
  • Well done!

    VIpanfriedVIpanfried3 сарын өмнө
  • I wonder what what we will look like...imagine another group of humans find relics of us....

    PONDERIN' RCPONDERIN' RC3 сарын өмнө
  • I was impressed as a primary school child to build the Gaza pyramid complex, Sphinx and all. National Geographic and well meaning teachers planting the seeds of my interest in History, I too, LOVE History. Thanks History Guy Team.

    Robert MorrisRobert Morris3 сарын өмнө
  • Tunneling and quarrying with copper tools . . . Try it sometime.

    Hank HicksHank Hicks3 сарын өмнө
  • I've only recently discovered this channel and have been on a binge with your content. As a history buff and an information junkie, this channel is a veritable treasure trove of content that is, quite possibly, unparalleled on MNthe. It's the first channel I've ever joined as a patron. Keep up the fantastic work History Guy and thank you for your efforts.

    James MitchellJames Mitchell3 сарын өмнө
  • Hello great video! Have you ever used or heard of the "cylinders of the pharaoh"? They are made from copper and zinc cylinders filled with quartz when held produce electrical energy up to 1.5 volts. Make them yourself or get them on amazon or etsy.

    EngineerJayEngineerJay4 сарын өмнө
  • Nobody knows DeNile like Egyptologists

    BenBen4 сарын өмнө
  • Where are the contemporary reports of the building of the pyramids and sphinx?

    Mickey DixonMickey Dixon4 сарын өмнө
  • There are pyramids in my head There's one underneath my bed And my lady's getting cranky. Every possible location Has a simple explanation And it isn't hanky-panky. I have read somewhere in a book They improve all your food and your wine It said that everything you grow in your garden will taste pretty fine Instead all I ever get is a pain in the neck and a 'yak-yak-yak-yak-yak-yak-yak-yak.' I've consulted all the sages I could find in Yellow Pages But there aren't many of them And the Mayan panoramas On my pyramid pajamas Haven't helped my little problem. I've been told someone in the know Can be sure that his luck is as good as gold Money in the bank and you don't even pay for it If you fold a dollar in the shape of the pyramid that's printed on the back. It's no lie, you can keep the edge Of a razor as sharp as an eagle's eye You can grow a hedge That is vertically straight over ten feet high All you really need is a pyramid and just a little luck. Lalalalalalalalalalalala lah-ooh. Lalalalalalalalalalalala lah-ooh. I have read somewhere in a book They improve all your food and your wine I've been told someone in the know Can be sure of his luck And it's no lie, all you really need is a little bit of pyramidic HELP! -Alan Parsons Project, _Pyramania_

    Toughen Up, FluffyToughen Up, Fluffy4 сарын өмнө
  • Survival of the corpse. Oxymoron, like someone who can't do laundry.

    Toughen Up, FluffyToughen Up, Fluffy4 сарын өмнө
  • One day in the future they may wonder who built the Statue of Liberty and say it was aliens

    MadInk1MadInk15 сарын өмнө
  • The official narrative of the pyramids is bullshit. Go on. Take to a block of granite with a bronse chisel. The ancient Egyptians didn't know who built them. I think the pyramids were rain generators

    4D bullshit Patroll4D bullshit Patroll5 сарын өмнө
  • I absolutely love this subject. I've always wondered what the great pyramid was built for. It's purpose of being. Was it some kind of power plant ? A few years after I got out of college I spent years studying the great pyramid and came to the conclusion with the wear of the insides and all its chambers and different types of stone along with the water under it. I thought of Teslas (free energy) Power Plant. I'd like to know what you think, sir.

    Angry PatriotAngry Patriot5 сарын өмнө
  • Hey, if Magellan TV is so great, then what are we watching you for? Oh, that's right; MNthe is free, but Magellan costs money. I don't know about anyone else, but that's money I just can't afford to waste.

    Lance AshLance Ash5 сарын өмнө
  • Moving 100k stone with organic rope on wooden rollers, with no safety catch by human power. That's a hard pill to swallow.

    SunnyZonaSunnyZona6 сарын өмнө
  • Thank you!

    Michael RainsMichael Rains6 сарын өмнө
  • All one has to say is Ozymandias... of literature fame to get the point, yet the a-mast history of Great Egypt, few compare.

    Robert MorrisRobert Morris6 сарын өмнө
  • You do have a PhD? Do you? Think for a moment! Big pyramid... The blocks are avg 4 tons. Some up to 100. Tolerances less than fractions of milimeter. Simple math tells a block is added every 2 minutes 24/7 for 25 years. And those people only had copper and stone tools... So these had to be built before the last ice age..

    Maris KeiselsMaris Keisels6 сарын өмнө
  • The word "pharaoh" was the ancient Egyptian word for the residence of the king, and not the word for "king" itself. Akin to our term "white house" for our president's residence

    John WilsonJohn Wilson6 сарын өмнө
  • Intriguing. Thanks.

    Vince GiacconeVince Giaccone6 сарын өмнө
  • Many Thanks History Guy. You have made quarantine a bit easier to endure. Bravo Sir.

    rc revelrc revel6 сарын өмнө
  • You need to do a bit on William H "Alfalfa Bill" Murry, Governor of Oklahoma, and his war with Texas.

    Bobby WintersBobby Winters6 сарын өмнө
  • There is documented proof that the sphinx’s nose was broken off by a Gaulish menhir delivery man, around 50BC.

    GreenLizardsGreenLizards6 сарын өмнө
  • We all know that the greatest architect of ancient Egypt was Taita the slave. He also introduced horse chariots to the Egyptian Army.

    Brian GarrowBrian Garrow6 сарын өмнө
  • so aliens with flying cranes didn't build these structures? what would george Noory think..smh..

    iamrichrockeriamrichrocker6 сарын өмнө
  • I think there are HUGE HOLES in accepted history , Bogus time lines . There must have been unknown or hidden history from 8 - 12,000 years ago ++++ . A possible destructive event on a massive scale . Also the movements of humans to N & S America , in time & when many of the huge stone works were done & who did it . The clearing of humans / enslavement of native Americans & black people here long before white people got here.

    Dan O'NeillDan O'Neill6 сарын өмнө
  • I started thinking you were a bootleg Indy Niedel but actually he wishes he was a bootleg you. You're way better!

    Brotha LiphtedBrotha Liphted6 сарын өмнө
  • The Egyptians didn’t build them they’re much older than Egypt. I know because I built them, 145,098 years ago. Pain in the butt to do but it was worth it until those darn Egyptians took credit for them.

    Gordon FreemanGordon Freeman6 сарын өмнө
  • An interesting fact about the great pyramid is that it is said to have taken 20 years to build and when you calculate how many stones are in that structure they would have had to have been placed one every 4 minutes for those 20 years without any stops working day and night. I also wonder how people with copper tools worked the granite so easily. Some of the finer work is in granite and is as if machine tooled. Another interesting point is that stone cannot be dated and many assumptions have been made and accepted. Like the erosion on the Sphinx that could only have occurred when the rainfall was heavy enough to cause it, over 9,000 years ago. The fine stone observatory at Gobekli Tepe is over 12,000 years old so it isn't a stretch that the Egyptian area is much older than officially thought.

    Robert GuildnerRobert Guildner6 сарын өмнө
  • Watch this for more info. One of the best new documentaries with facts and common sense.

    Benjamin RBenjamin R6 сарын өмнө
  • Thanks!

    Russ WoodwardRuss Woodward6 сарын өмнө
  • Superb

    Gary NorrisGary Norris6 сарын өмнө
  • There were small populations of mammoths still living in remote areas when the great pyramids were being built.

    hnh htyrhnh htyr6 сарын өмнө
  • There are theories that some pyramids were electric power stations, some possibly nuclear?

    Boyd The GoofballBoyd The Goofball6 сарын өмнө
  • Yore hystorical.

    Rick CrippenRick Crippen6 сарын өмнө
  • To build the great pyramids there was extraterrestrial technology used. It is obvious that by the technology and methods of that time were incapable of doing what was done. Even today with the most modern technology we know of would have extreme difficulty in replicating what was done then. The history of our planet is far more involved and complex than what we think we know today.

    lencaclencac6 сарын өмнө
  • I love ur history vids, but I'm gonna go with Gram Hancock on this one.

    the TV baby 83the TV baby 836 сарын өмнө
  • Age of the Pyramid Builders? ... [Erich Von Däniken enters the chat]

    JZ's Best FriendJZ's Best Friend7 сарын өмнө
  • Thank you for covering the other theories on the Sphinx. There are a lot of conflicting data when it comes to Egyptian works.

    DavidDavid7 сарын өмнө
  • OMG, The History Guy has sold out to the commercial interests. Not sure if I want to keep watching the channel if I have to listen to the long commercial.

    William CrowellWilliam Crowell7 сарын өмнө
  • I think some humans used to have a "giant block moving gene" that we lost. Now we can't comprehend how it was done.

    Gordon ChinGordon Chin7 сарын өмнө
    • Alien tech

      Will LastnameguyWill Lastnameguy2 сарын өмнө
  • Egypt was grand and then the Democrats were elected. I don’t have to tell you the rest of the story.

    zachary pelphreyzachary pelphrey7 сарын өмнө
  • 3 mins in and still waffling about your sponsor, whose product is not even available to many of your viewers. First time I've given up on one of your videos. Information density was your USP as a channel.

    mehashimehashi7 сарын өмнө
  • Actual date of Sphinx is possibly 24,000 years ago. Study up on this. , Water erosion Mark’s on perimeter.

    ken reeceken reece7 сарын өмнө
  • Love this guy.

    Duane PigdenDuane Pigden7 сарын өмнө
  • Wasn’t emotep Joseph in the Bible?

    Everything Is Awesome BabyEverything Is Awesome Baby7 сарын өмнө
  • I watched a lot of History Channel when I was a kid and they were still mostly airing documentaries instead of... whatever weird human interest crap they’re doing now. Anyway, point is, thanks to that I can’t hear the word “pyramid” in the context of Egypt and not instantly hear it in my head in Zahi Hawass’s voice.

    diebesgrabdiebesgrab7 сарын өмнө
  • I've heard such stories about the Sphinx being maybe thousands of years older than we think. If so, why does it look like a Pharaoh?

    HonodleHonodle7 сарын өмнө
    • It is much older. You can clearly see the water erosion at it’s base. They think it was later modified.

      Michael FoulkesMichael Foulkes6 сарын өмнө
  • I thought this was about how old the builders of the pyramids were.

    Robert PickguardRobert Pickguard7 сарын өмнө
  • Finally 10:30 tells the truth.

    Brent BeachamBrent Beacham7 сарын өмнө
  • The Sphinx claim that water erosion indicates a much older date depends on the idea that the desert area has seen little rain for 5000 years. Recent news of the discovery of a tomb with major flood damage happened to mention that Egypt gets large rain deluges every few hundred years.

    John WatsonJohn Watson7 сарын өмнө
    • Yes and the much older civilization disguised the tomb as one from the New Kingdom period of 1400 BC.

      John WatsonJohn Watson6 сарын өмнө
    • Or, maybe the tomb you are referring to is also much older than we have been told.

      Michael FoulkesMichael Foulkes6 сарын өмнө
  • Is it just me or does the bust of Djoser @3:13 look like Steven Tyler wearing an Egyptian headdress? Maybe it's just me.

    GUNNER67akaKeltGUNNER67akaKelt7 сарын өмнө
  • If you go to Egypt be sure to visit the Red Pyramid. It is large and well preserved, but not a mob scene like Giza. Few people visit it.

    Les SmithfieldLes Smithfield7 сарын өмнө
  • Ask Nancy Pelosi-I think she`s old enough to remember exactly how they were built!

    606budwheel606budwheel7 сарын өмнө
    • she's amazing!

      chew ittchew itt7 сарын өмнө
  • Explain tube drill holes in solid granite please.

    Glenn LlewellynGlenn Llewellyn7 сарын өмнө
  • The engineering involved, how did they do it? 🤔

    George BGeorge B7 сарын өмнө
  • Amazing history, beautiful country and beautiful people. Imagine being there when it was first built. Love from the USA🇺🇸

    George BGeorge B7 сарын өмнө
  • Thank you for a very interesting and informative article !

    STEVE ClarkSTEVE Clark7 сарын өмнө
  • Please do a video on WW2 POW's that where shipped to the USA & how many, what what the POW's thought at being 1st captured to the end of the WW2. Mainly German POW's.I'm amazed at the lack of history. I just stumbled upon your channel. Go going.

    Broke Ann BrokenBroke Ann Broken7 сарын өмнө
  • The head of the sphynx clearly is less eroded than the body, and was probably a later adaptation or addition.

    Brian MurrayBrian Murray7 сарын өмнө
  • I do not believe it was possible 2000 years ago to construct the Giza pyramids within the life-span of a single person. NO WAY!

    Brian MurrayBrian Murray7 сарын өмнө
    • Some modern construction specialists have estimated that the construction of the Giza pyramids would take more than 20 years with modern equipment.

      Brian MurrayBrian Murray7 сарын өмнө
  • My late father in law was a builder and a CB Battalion Commander in WW II finishing up on Okinawa. Back home he bid on the contract to move the statuary that would be affected by the Aswan Dam project. He was awarded the contract but on the day before he was to go to Egypt he was told that the contract had been awarded to an outfit “with connections.”.

    Data SailorData Sailor7 сарын өмнө
  • My favorite Egyptian saying, "Time laughs at man. The Pyramids laugh at time." I wonder if we will ever figure out how the pyramids got built at the very beginning of recorded history. Seems we are missing something big in our history. And no, I don't mean aliens.

    Scott MiniumScott Minium7 сарын өмнө
  • I would like to request Nancy Ward, the last Beloved Woman of the Cherokee, war hero, diplomat, cousin of Dragging Canoe, and protecter and proponent of white settlers and the American Revolution.

    lyamainulyamainu7 сарын өмнө
  • Hello. Thank you for your episodes of history. They are greatly appreciated and enjoyable. Your style reminds me of Charles Karult on Sunday Morning. It is very pleasant. Again thank you

    Paula WeaverPaula Weaver7 сарын өмнө
  • I don't know therefore ALIENS!! 🤣

    Leslie TincherLeslie Tincher7 сарын өмнө
  • Hey Guy - I am surprised you did not mention any of the more controversial topics related to the ancient building of the historical landmarks found in Egypt. They range from the true date and actual builders of many of these sights to the unexplained method of construction that was used. In my opinion, the biggest of these controversies is the head of the Sphinx. When you mentioned the weathering of the Sphinx, you did not discuss the obvious differences between the wear on the body and the head. Since the majority of its known life the Sphinx was buried up to its neck in sand, shouldn't the greatest amount of wear be on the head? There are a number of theories for this and I'm just surprised a discussion of the Sphinx given by an "expert" on history did not mention this debate. In your position, you have an enormous responsibility. People take much of what you say as fact. When any particular hypothesis seems dubious, don't you feel a responsibility to include some of the speculative theories when talking as an authority?

    Tom WolfTom Wolf7 сарын өмнө
  • Off subject comment..... I’ve always wondered about the history of the humble condom..... How about a video on that..!!?????

    The WhollsThe Wholls7 сарын өмнө
  • These ventures must have cost unimaginable amounts of money, so where did it come from? The area does not exactly look like the land of plenty.

    Jon HJon H7 сарын өмнө
  • The establishment is still trying to sell us this crap. We don't know who or why or how they were built but we do know the ancient Egyptians didn't build them.

    Stan DuppStan Dupp7 сарын өмнө
  • Great piece! My brother and I had the adventure of galloping on horseback around these great Giza pyramids and Sphynx many years ago.

    Bradford BarrettBradford Barrett7 сарын өмнө
  • :( This is the first video ever that I'm not going to give a thumbs up. I'm sad. But neither you or anyone knows when those pyramids were actually built. They show erosion that goes back more than 10,000 years. History deserves to be remembered. But no tomb has ever been found in a pyramid (Google it). Pre-historical prior civilizations that may have collapsed during a cataclysm are a more likely explanation for these structures. We couldn't even build them today if we wanted to.

    Arctic FoxArctic Fox7 сарын өмнө
  • Have you ever heard of the "Hello Girls"? I just recently heard of them and thought about you and how nice it would be to ask you to do a story on them.

    K WillK Will7 сарын өмнө
  • Hoping you’ll mention something about the likelihood of some of the large pyramids being water pumps.

    Scott FitchetScott Fitchet7 сарын өмнө
  • buzz aldrin (American astronaut) says there is a pyramid and an obelisk on mars. no culture without highly advanced technology built the pyramids.

    Ⅎaceᖘalm TheᗯoяldℲaceᖘalm Theᗯoяld7 сарын өмнө
    • @Michael Foulkes what to make of that? as above so below, or perhaps a physical landmark of our ancestors or even the unknown? perhaps the understanding of all the above?? lol I laugh at the notion, not you!

      Ⅎaceᖘalm TheᗯoяldℲaceᖘalm Theᗯoяld6 сарын өмнө
    • Yes, there are several pyramids on Mars and a large carved rock resembling the Sphinx.

      Michael FoulkesMichael Foulkes6 сарын өмнө
  • We all have the desire to be remembered after we are gone. As long as a person is remembered, they are not completely dead. But to be totally forgotten is almost the same as never existing in the first place.

    oldgysgtoldgysgt7 сарын өмнө
  • History Channel: Aliens! History Guy: History that deserves to be remembered.

    Mattsashl09Mattsashl097 сарын өмнө
  • Aren't sphinx in media portrayed as female

    No BoNo Bo7 сарын өмнө
  • Those that dislike this video are the ones that probably didn't like the reality that slaves did not build the pyramids as it doesn't fit their mythology or their beliefs.

    Craig TuckerCraig Tucker7 сарын өмнө
  • 1:48 so many statues in egypt clearly show very large giants with much smaller people. it was giants like this that built the pyramids and the other megalithic things on earth. probably a lot longer ago than we are told. 10,000 years ago, maybe even 100,000 years ago.

    Sport Cards Brass Trains VideoGamesSport Cards Brass Trains VideoGames7 сарын өмнө
  • I have a better explanation of the great pyramid and the "sphinx"... I think it more likely that the "sphinx" was nothing more than a drain for the natural spring that was under the Great Pyramid. I think dynastic Egyptians found just the body and neck structure and added to it creating the Sphinx. I wish I knew how to publish my entire hypothesis...

    DamionDamion7 сарын өмнө
  • Good Show.

    CyberThug1080iCyberThug1080i7 сарын өмнө
  • Pushed this one right to the limits of "Between 10 and 15 minutes long". :D Still good stuff, though. Keep it up!

    c182SkylaneRGc182SkylaneRG7 сарын өмнө
  • Graham Hancock!!. Glad to see you put in some of the new hypothesis (:

    Marc TroyanoskyMarc Troyanosky7 сарын өмнө
    • Graham Hancock is awesome!

      Michael FoulkesMichael Foulkes6 сарын өмнө
  • Free labor ≠ slaves ...... right

    TheGrizzlyBeard1TheGrizzlyBeard17 сарын өмнө
  • Imagine if anyone understood and embraced the concept of building something 'to last', in the current world. Great video! Take Care and be safe, John

    John DoeJohn Doe7 сарын өмнө
  • Why do we call scam artist Charlatans?

    The Future Isn't so BrightThe Future Isn't so Bright7 сарын өмнө
  • Interesting point to note is that nowhere in the Great pyramid of Khufu is his name mentioned, nor was his body or any other remotely Egyptian artifact or writing found inside it. Not a single trace of Egyptian presence or activity can be found anywhere in or on it. Another interesting point is that the quality of pyramids, contrary to the growth and sophistication of Egyptian culture as time passed, declined as time went by, an unprecedented situation in ancient history bringing into question whether the Great Pyramids of Giza were built by the dynastic Egyptians at all. The conclusion being that most, if not all, other (dynastic) Egyptian pyramids were simply poor copies of something they didn't really understand and had no knowledge of how to recreate. Likewise with the Sphynx; there is no record yet found giving credit to its builder and there exists a substantial body of evidence that it is probably in the region of 27,000 years old - or older.

    Rick KinsmanRick Kinsman7 сарын өмнө
  • Episode Idea: The Peloponnesian War and the cautionary tale of Athenian democracy

    Evan DaviesEvan Davies7 сарын өмнө
  • I have scoured your channel and have found only one reference to the city of St. Nazaire, France, in your video last year about the Normandie transatlantic ocean liner. My interest in the town is its place in the history of World War II as the location of the Normandie dry dock: one of the largest dry docks in the world and the only dry dock on the Atlantic coast capable of servicing the German battleships Tirpitz and Bismarck. St. Nazaire was the location of the raid known in British military circles as "The Greatest Raid of All." It was a raid in which British commandos and sailors set about to destroy the dry dock and deny the German battleships access to repair facilities on the Atlantic coast. This past February, just before the COVID-19 pandemic took hold of the world, I was able to kick an item off my bucket list by visiting the site of the Greatest Raid of All. It was, for me, a humbling experience to walk on ground that played host to one of the most brazen military raids in history, and it deserves to be remembered. Could we see an episode on "The Greatest Raid of All"?

    SSRCaliforniaSSRCalifornia7 сарын өмнө
  • Could you possibly make a video about old railroads of the us

    Davicrocket7Davicrocket77 сарын өмнө
  • Thank you. That is all I can say. Just thank you for all you do.

    TheIhredpowerTheIhredpower7 сарын өмнө
  • I've heard somewhere that the sphincter got it's name from the great sphinx, because it closely guards it's secrets.

    Mickey XtianMickey Xtian7 сарын өмнө