Straightening Marie Antoinette's Smile: The History of Orthodontics

A 2013 study commissioned by the American Association of Orthodontists found that more than a third of Americans are unhappy with their smile. But the quest for straighter teeth isn’t just a modern one, as the history of humans trying to correct malpositioned teeth goes back to antiquity. The surprisingly long history of orthodontics is history that deserves to be remembered.
This is original content based on research by The History Guy. Images in the Public Domain are carefully selected and provide illustration. As very few images of the actual event are available in the Public Domain, images of similar objects and events are used for illustration.
You can purchase the bow tie worn in this episode at The Tie Bar:
All events are portrayed in historical context and for educational purposes. No images or content are primarily intended to shock and disgust. Those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it. Non censuram.
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The History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered is the place to find short snippets of forgotten history from five to fifteen minutes long. If you like history too, this is the channel for you.
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Script by JCG
#history #thehistoryguy #Orthodontics

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  • I was blessed with straight teeth and except for impacted wisdom teeth (which were removed), I never had braces. But, I remember my brother suffering through braces AND having to wear one of those head gear things in the 70's. I remember after he had the braces tightened, he would complain about tooth pain for several days. Ugh! But it was worth it as he got perfectly straight teeth.

    i_love_rescue_animalsi_love_rescue_animals23 цагийн өмнө
  • So no progress in 200 years except for painkillers...

    76blackwidow76blackwidow6 өдрийн өмнө
  • At the end of the video you say "ask a question and you would be happy to respond" You haven't responded. My question is logical and if you don't think so, let me know.

    M theoryM theory11 өдрийн өмнө
  • Fasincating, simply facinating.

    Frank GullaFrank Gulla12 өдрийн өмнө
  • The History Guy should consider using these videos to help educate children. I have experienced a disastrous program called edginuity, that failed my straight A students during the pandemic. The school system blamed me and took legal action against me. It is the school that failed my children. Not my children who failed school. They are back in regular school now making straight As. I got a call this morning from the school wanting to put my daughter in summer school. I can't describe how upset I am over these events. I'm sure that I am not the only parent who feels this way. I want to get an attorney. But I also would rather spend my money on my children. We really need better programs for home schooling and online learning. I believe the History Guy is perfect for the task at hand.

    Nathaniel AndersonNathaniel Anderson12 өдрийн өмнө
  • The orthodontist needs to lower his prices or not many children will be getting braces.

    Nathaniel AndersonNathaniel Anderson12 өдрийн өмнө
  • One of the few THG videos that's somewhat uncomfortable to watch/listen to. Still did though.

    JägerLangeJägerLange13 өдрийн өмнө
  • The best thing invented for modern orthodontics is Ibuprofen. ;-) Wish it had been widely available when I had braces in the early-to-mid 1980s. Yes, I know it was technically released over-the-counter in 1984, but it was generally not widely available until a couple of years after that, and was *never* used in children with braces until *several* years later. Seems like, back then, dentists and orthodontists just didn't care as much about treating the pain caused by their procedures as they are today. I can remember being told that there was nothing they could do, that the pain would go away in a couple of days, and that it was just part of being treated by a dentist or orthodontist.

    LMacNeillLMacNeill14 өдрийн өмнө
  • Braces permanently damaged my jaw retention. Now it falls open when I sleep and causes me tons of dental issues from it.

    Tommy OhlrichTommy Ohlrich15 өдрийн өмнө
  • The history guy deserves to be remembered. Why aren’t your videos part of the national curriculum?

    Jason JonesJason Jones15 өдрийн өмнө
  • Tooth worms

    T¡nfo¡l HatT¡nfo¡l Hat15 өдрийн өмнө
  • Let them eat beef jerky... They have no teeth, my queen. Oh, well let them eat cake then.

    Chad CuckproducerChad Cuckproducer15 өдрийн өмнө
  • I still think one of the oldest and most innovative medical procedures was how Indians would use a sharp knife, a straw, and a boy with good suck to remove cataracts thousands of years ago.

    Chad CuckproducerChad Cuckproducer15 өдрийн өмнө
  • Kingsley's book at Lane Library at Stanford University Medical School

    birdsdawordbirdsdaword15 өдрийн өмнө
  • That ad plays in the middle of you speaking a word.

    Scott PrazakScott Prazak15 өдрийн өмнө
  • For anyone who has a kid about to enter the "Tin Grin Club," here is some advice from a former member regarding what to keep on hand until the braces come off: 1 - DENTAL WAX - This is a soft, malleable wax that you can pinch off a small amount and stick onto any piece of othodontia that is irritating the soft tissues of the mouth. Nowadays you can buy it in the oral care section of any well-stocked drug store, but in my day, you had to bum it off the orthodontist, guard it jealously, and use it sparingly. 2 - WIRE CUTTERS - In case something comes loose outside office hours and the dental wax won't do it. 3 - POCKET KNIFE - For cutting up food that you can't bite through. You don't need a machete - a small, non-threatening looking pen knife will do. 4 - BABY FOOD - Milkshakes are dessert, not nutrition. You can't live on them. You can work up a pretty balanced meal thanks to Gerber and Beech Nut. Just be advised that the baby food is for eating at home in private, otherwise you risk your kid being a social pariah. 5 - SOFT FOOD - When in doubt, foods that you can "chew" by mushing it against the roof of your mouth with your tongue will be in order. Yogurt, eggs, creamy PB, soft cheeses, etc. 6 - REMEMBER, IT'S ONLY TEMPORARY - Bear in mind that braces hurt only for a few days after being adjusted. The vast majority of the time they won't hurt at all and your kid will be able to chew foods that aren't utter pablum. Raw carrots will still be out of the question (you might pry something off), but a slice of pizza should be doable if eaten with care.

    A CA C15 өдрийн өмнө
  • Things aren't too much different for many of us who can't afford the enormous cost of modern dentistry and so we just live with what we were born with.

    JohnJohn15 өдрийн өмнө
  • Remember that scene in "Cast Away" where Tom Hanks has to knock out his infected molar? I always dreaded going to the dentist, so I'd just think of that scene as a reminder of what the alternative could be.

    raydunakinraydunakin16 өдрийн өмнө
    • I have never minded going to the dentist- as long as he has a 55 gallon drum of Novocaine on hand.

      61 Rampy61 Rampy14 өдрийн өмнө
  • When I was in Peru a few years ago, I noticed a LOT of young people with braces

    honeysucklecathoneysucklecat16 өдрийн өмнө
  • In the late 70s, my orthodontist had the infamous poster of Farrah Fawcett that had real braces. Braces were a huge fad at the time.

    honeysucklecathoneysucklecat16 өдрийн өмнө
  • A toothy episode, THG, but you got some nerve (🤣) to forget the most important dentistry advance of all: Anesthesia! Without Horace Wells and his experiments with laughing gas, we'd all be in a world of hurt, or having smiles that resemble that of Alfred E Newman because people would put off having dental work done until the pain of bad teeth became at least as bad as the pain of surgery or corrective measures. And yet, Wells died penniless. The dentists and orthodontists who made small fortunes from their craft owe Wells a debt they can never repay.

    good 'ungood 'un16 өдрийн өмнө

    Michael DelvecchioMichael Delvecchio16 өдрийн өмнө
  • I got Invisalign much later in life. When I was younger, we couldn't afford braces. By time my youngest sister came along, many year later, money was better, and she got the full treatment. I was jealous for years, but as I got older and could afford it myself, I was working and didn't want the typical metal braces. When Invisalign came along, it was just what I wanted, but they weren't able to make the correction I needed. A few years later, the process had improved and I was able to get them. They were perfect for dental health as you take them out for dental care. They work well for professionals who don't want people staring at metal when they speak. With dental insurance, they are quite affordable now.

    calendarpagecalendarpage16 өдрийн өмнө
  • I had braces back in the late 1960s and early 1970s. My orthodontist was an absolute sadist. He had really huge fingers and if he put three fingers in my mouth, the skin at the corners of my mouth would split and bleed. His hygienists were very mean and not comforting to a little kid. Also, I think that he was trying to fleece my parents out of extra money because he made my orthodontic treatment last for 6 years. I only got away from him because we moved to a different state and a really nice, gentle orthodontist finished my treatment and gave me my retainers. My teeth were so loose that in high school I could press on them and move them a little. My children now go to an outstanding orthodontist who is very gentle and high tech and they both have Invisalign. Honestly, I was far more traumatized by the initial visit than they were. The quality of the orthodontist is extremely important. Thank you for listening.

    Bonnie KaneBonnie Kane16 өдрийн өмнө
  • Love your eclectic range of topics!

    Van Der Lay IndustriesVan Der Lay Industries16 өдрийн өмнө
  • And I thought my fish cleaning my teeth video was revolutionary on MNthe...

    Life ExoticsLife Exotics17 өдрийн өмнө
  • Why hasn't anybody noticed that the changes in our teeth are because of deformity? We're more deformed than we were, probably because too many people died, and we're practically inbred.

    Karen LKaren L17 өдрийн өмнө
  • I have a question: Would you know why that gender clothing is such that women wear dresses and men pants? Unbiased logic would suggest, functionally, it should be reversed. To all that care for some reason, I'm straight and not a cross dresser. inquiring minds want to know.

    M theoryM theory17 өдрийн өмнө
    • @The History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered Thank you!

      M theoryM theory10 өдрийн өмнө
    • There is not s definite answer to that question, but one theory is that trousers were more comfortable for riding horses. As horse riding was often in ancient cultures limited to a warrior class, the wearing of trousers became a man thing.

      The History Guy: History Deserves to Be RememberedThe History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered11 өдрийн өмнө
  • What do you think about 6alien from Alor island?in Juli 1959 hundread of villager see 6 alien wear blue costume,somekind military shoe,belt and cylinder device on the belt,white reddish skin,blonde white hair and have caucasion look, even the polices shoot 1 alien with Thompson but alien dissaper only leave a foot print.

    Jia was anaJia was ana17 өдрийн өмнө
  • I hate dentists. Lots of pain and money.

    ToolrificToolrific17 өдрийн өмнө
  • I think my gum disease and lack of care if my teeth attribute wholely to my clogged arteries and heart attacks. Please brush and floss. Don't wind up like me!

    Michael GarciaMichael Garcia17 өдрийн өмнө
    • That is definitely one of the theories about atheroschlerotic disease -- that oral bacteria in the bloodstream sets up an inflammation that causes the cholesterol plaques to stick and form.

      erynlasgalen1949erynlasgalen194916 өдрийн өмнө
  • Ahhhh braces! I remember when I got mine, the orthodontist told me that he'd gotten a full range of all sizes of braces when he started and my lower teeth required the smallest size, which he'd never used before....and he had to cramp them smaller. Yes, bottom teeth be tiny! I also remember when we visited my older aunt. My younger cousin was also in braces and corn on the cob was on the menu. Aunt Betsy and Mom stood in the kitchen, carefully cutting all the corn *off* the cob for Roger and I. Also, driving home after a round of tightening braces meant Mom having to drive very slowly and carefully over the numerous railroad crossings to avoid jarring the car, because even that hurt. All that, and I'm still told "your front teeth aren't straight." They are, they're just offset so the bridge I used to use didn't have to be one huge tooth on one side. I gave up the bridge, I don't care, I got a gaptooth smile and I like it.

    Carolyn HotchkissCarolyn Hotchkiss17 өдрийн өмнө
  • Now you can get them in all kinds of colors and the emojis, someone told me to glow in the dark neon, man oh man sure come along since of yore

    Cornbreadfed KirkpatrickCornbreadfed Kirkpatrick17 өдрийн өмнө
  • Have you reported on the Battle of Castle Itter? And, unrelated, how important was the battle against Yellow Fever and Malaria to the construction of the Panama Canal?

    El PerroEl Perro17 өдрийн өмнө
  • Weirdly prescient, as my child had her first orthodontist visit today for a consultation.

    breakone9rbreakone9r17 өдрийн өмнө
  • Do a history on Endodontics and Root Canals, please!

    DustinDustin17 өдрийн өмнө
  • in Japan, they actually like crooked teeth (at least in girls and young women) and some young women will even have "reverse braces" put in to make their teeth more crooked as they call it "snaggleteeth" as it looks "cute" and a sign of "youth" and "innocence"

    aegisofhonoraegisofhonor18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Ty

    Ted BerwickTed Berwick18 өдрийн өмнө
  • I am grateful and glad to be born in a modern world with matured science development of medical dentistry. I am lucky to be able to earn money to afford and attend dental treatment based on a reliable science. I do not have to bear ill will towards very sociable pretend people of exaggerated accomplishments. I do not have to die or suffer due to a technicality and loophole of assholes.

    GhostMacross01GhostMacross0118 өдрийн өмнө
  • I’m the oldest of 9. I suspect my father thanks God every day that we all have straight teeth.

    Elizabeth Finkler HanasakiElizabeth Finkler Hanasaki18 өдрийн өмнө
  • No pirates? Wait I get it. The dentist!! I’ve paid their ransom many a time the devils They get in your head.

    Thomas QuinnanThomas Quinnan18 өдрийн өмнө
  • In Japan Orthodontics is not popular. Irregular teeth are perceived as Cute, and even Sexy.

    rancid pittsrancid pitts18 өдрийн өмнө
  • And I wonder way I have a fear of dentists

    Mike CraseMike Crase18 өдрийн өмнө
  • At least her teeth were straight when her head was cut off!

    SupernautSupernaut18 өдрийн өмнө
  • The ancient methods were so brutal that they might as well have led to the term, ortho daunting.

    Samit BanerjeeSamit Banerjee18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Fascinating.

    Barbara MullinsBarbara Mullins18 өдрийн өмнө
  • If you haven’t already done so, you should read the biography of John Hunter by Wendy Moore; titled The Knife Man. Fascinating book!!!!

    Gregory SquiresGregory Squires18 өдрийн өмнө
  • 0:30 How do so many British people get together then?

    SKRAALSKRAAL18 өдрийн өмнө
  • And I just had a cracked molar extracted, last Sunday.

    Bret MeltonBret Melton18 өдрийн өмнө
  • If tooth worms were a real thing I'd remove all my teeth...

    Platypi007Platypi00718 өдрийн өмнө
  • To clarify a few items: The adhesive that allowed for modern brackets is closely related to the Krazy Glue that came onto the market in the 1970's. Nickel-titanium wires are popularly known as "Ni-Ti." The other development for Invisalign was 3D printing. It was developed by a graduate student who recently had traditional braces taken off, and figured there was a better way.

    digitaldoc100digitaldoc10018 өдрийн өмнө
  • As an orthodontist, this was awesome!

    William EngilmanWilliam Engilman18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Great to watch. I had braces for 4 years. $7k and now mostly straight teeth along with 4 teeth removed

    Victor YauVictor Yau18 өдрийн өмнө
  • This is the type of subject I love THG for. A historical look into an unusual subject where he digs out the most relevant facts and presents them with style, great graphics and some humor. Well done ! Still remember my steel wraparound bands and the headgear I wore at home and while sleeping. Did wonders for my smile ... LOL

    Ellesmere888Ellesmere88818 өдрийн өмнө
  • I inherited my mothers small feet and weak fragile teeth. By the age of 30 I could sleep through a root canal. Now at 57 I realize I should have just got dentures at 35 like she did.

    Scrat335Scrat33518 өдрийн өмнө
  • I work for a dental manufacturing company that makes braces Rocky Mountain Orthodontics. I've been with the company for 26 years. I spot weld the brackets on the back of the bands that helps the dentist to drive the band on to the tooth.

    Art's Place Conservative TalkArt's Place Conservative Talk18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Doc Holiday was a dentist. Grad from Philadelphia College. Unfortunately, had TB. Well, he had other talents.

    Paul HerzogPaul Herzog18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Thanks....All over again....!

    steve shoemakersteve shoemaker18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Thank you for changing to a more "historic" thumbnail. That original one was teeth-grating!

    Yabuki JoeYabuki Joe18 өдрийн өмнө
  • I saw or read somewhere that the common overbite was caused by eating with forks. When humans used their front teeth to tear food, we had no overbites.

    mah6183mah618318 өдрийн өмнө
  • This is going to seem like a hateful comment but it's not, I really like this channel, that said it seems like 99% of the content on this channel is european/white history (Take a look at his uploads before you disagree). I would love a few pieces on stuff that happened in Asia or Polynesia or Africa. The Great China floods of the 1930s were the deadliest natural disaster in terms of loss of life, that would be a great topic. People don't even know about those floods.

    Andrew HallAndrew Hall18 өдрийн өмнө
    • @Andrew Hall: This is going to seem like a hateful response Andrew, but its not - I really admire your observations and ability to complain about THG's seemingly biased content, based on your limited scrutiny of his output. You requested a broader approach 12 hours ago, and within 2 hours THG responded with a detailed list of FIFTY historical programs that have dealt with the geographic regions you require. China X 5 Caribbean X 4 Empires X 8 India / Central Asia X 14 Africa X 19 And to my knowledge Australasia X 2, not otherwise listed above. It's now 10 hours since you got your answer, and so far, not a peep or a whistle out of you in acknowledgement or thanks. Hmmmm . . . ???

      dav snowdav snow17 өдрийн өмнө

      The History Guy: History Deserves to Be RememberedThe History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered18 өдрийн өмнө
    • Sir. I hear your voice. Yes. Every voice must be heard. Keep speaking. I agree with your voice.

      ruben penaruben pena18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Heh Heh Heh...How did you know I'd been at the Dentist today? Nothing serious, I'm glad to add. Just checking my dentures are fitting properly. Thank you.

    Flymochairman1Flymochairman118 өдрийн өмнө
    • I was at the dentist today for cleaning and a checkup.

      good 'ungood 'un16 өдрийн өмнө
  • idk if its the food we eat, the water we drink, air we breath, or that the weak are sustained more now than in the past, but one things for sure, dentists make a killing, and id like magic replasing alligator teeth

    longfootbuddylongfootbuddy18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Eeeghad... I’ve never enjoyed nor understood having someone else’s fingers jammed in my mouth, or the terrifying high decible pitch of tiny high speed drills...and it rolls my stomach to realize this has been happening for centuries with ever more crude expertise as we go distantly past.

    Christopher BirkbeckChristopher Birkbeck18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Automatic blood pressure increase with this episode......

    ajg617ajg61718 өдрийн өмнө
  • Ahh, I remember learning about Angle's classifications. Didn't know he created them so far back in time. We were all taught to worship G.V. Black, LOL.

    Briguy1027Briguy102718 өдрийн өмнө
  • Pretty well done! (I'm a DDS)

    michael daltonmichael dalton18 өдрийн өмнө
  • So malpositioned teeth are a modern problem, well duh. But boiled broth isn't the culprit, but natural selection! Back in the days of old, if her molars exited her mouth sideways looking like gills, she wasn't likely to pass those genes along to any progeny. Today, however, by the time she's of dating age she can attract any males fancy, whose offspring may or may not have enamel gills. And so, like the guy who would never have seen that diamondback without his glasses, genetic imperfections promulgate through our pool. Which, it is said, is good for orthodontists and optometrists.

    Gary LynchGary Lynch18 өдрийн өмнө
    • @erynlasgalen1949 Excellent point.

      Gary LynchGary Lynch16 өдрийн өмнө
    • As someone who spent the early hslf of my life with severe nearsightedness, I can say it comes with a few blessings. Anthropologists and natural hidtorisns have surmised thst nearsighted males were of no use st all in hunting, so they got left home to guard the women. And guard they did! But from my experience, they had phenomrnally good close vision. I was personally known as a tool sharpener par excellance, because I could actually see the sharpened planes coming together. I will hazard a guess that the nearsighted men of pre-history became the tribe's flint knappers, even more useful than the blacksmiths.

      erynlasgalen1949erynlasgalen194916 өдрийн өмнө
  • Now if I could do something about the rest of my face.

    tackyman2011tackyman201118 өдрийн өмнө
  • Eleven Britons disliked this video... sorry, just playing with my friends across the pond (we get the fat jokes).

    Blue MaxBlue Max18 өдрийн өмнө
  • This reminds me of a book I listened to on audible, "Jaws: The Story of a Hidden Epidemic". The reason our teeth are crowded today is because we no longer use our mouth as a third hand like we did for millions of years.

    Ken MacMillanKen MacMillan18 өдрийн өмнө
    • I allways heard it was becouse of the use of cutlery, Instead of just ripping the food apart. Anecdotal, but my tendency to use my teeth as organic swiss army knife didnt serve me well.

      ana themaana thema17 өдрийн өмнө
  • Ah, my America. I may be overweight, but I have really good teeth. (The better to eat food with, duh.)

    Sterling CrockettSterling Crockett18 өдрийн өмнө
  • How times have changed: At the beginning of my freshman year of high school, much to my horror, I was forced to get braces and put up with them for 2 - 3 years, so smiling wasn't a big part of my high school experience. Fast forward to about a year ago (or so) when my 11yr old niece shocked her mother and me when she (my niece) declared that she wished she could get braces put on her teeth, despite not being necessary. Her mother and I were flabbergasted and immediately spit out reasons why my niece didn't want or need them. My reasons were from personal experience, my sister-in-law's reasons were from a (mostly) financial perspective.

    Sky DenSky Den18 өдрийн өмнө
  • The greatest cause of crooked teeth is having a British ancestor.

    buzbuz33 -buzbuz33 -18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Head gear = dread gear!

    Pops P51Pops P5118 өдрийн өмнө
    • My sister had it. I am thinking that is why she was beating me up when I was young. SERIOUSLY.

      ruben penaruben pena18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Thank you for changing the thumbnail. lol :)

    UTCUTC18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Both my children (born '82 and '87) had pallet stretchers and braces. My daughter had her second eyeteeth growing into the roof of her mouth! Between them it was an uncomfortable five years and an expensive half decade for me. Once a wire snapped while we were traveling -- but we were headed home at the time, so it was only a couple of days we had to live with the problem. The pallet stretching sessions were followed by days of drooling and headaches And now it's over and they are adults with even white teeth and a motivation to brush them to keep them that way. I imagine both have an aversion to dental care at this point.

    Avery MilieuAvery Milieu18 өдрийн өмнө
  • I had glue on braces around 1980, but my older sister had the full circumference bands hammered onto her teeth just a few years before. Just flossing can be hard enough between certain teeth. Those bands must have been painful.

    Age and TreacheryAge and Treachery18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Got punched in the teeth lost 1 this is hard to watch lol

    Emmet KopaczEmmet Kopacz18 өдрийн өмнө
    • Did you get implant?

      ruben penaruben pena18 өдрийн өмнө
  • History Guy,... do a vid on the first oil well (in PA) and how that more than anything changed the modern world while prior oil was not fully understood and was sometimes seen as medicine..

    Choo ChooChoo Choo18 өдрийн өмнө
  • We were designed with our habitat and eating patterns in mind. Thousands (tens and hundreds of thousands) of years ago, our diets were very gritty. So, our teeth wore down. And like little soldiers, they marched forward. This left gaps in the back, which is where our wisdom teeth would fill in. Since our modern diet is less gritty, thus less wearing, our teeth crowd forward and there is also no room for the wisdoms to come in.

    Andy ShapAndy Shap18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Nice story, but I was hoping for at least one mention of a pirate getting braces.

    Leif NelsonLeif Nelson18 өдрийн өмнө
    • ARRRRthodontics.

      tackyman2011tackyman201118 өдрийн өмнө
  • My jaw aches after this

    Kleber MillerKleber Miller18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Here's a fact that might be interesting. I'm East Asian (Japanese), and in Asia the Western obsession of "perfect teeth" is considered strange. You will rarely see a Japanese in Japan wear braces, because crooked teeth are actually considered attractive! The obsession with whitening is also considered a little strange too. It's just not that important in beauty in East Asia. Even though I live in America now, I'd have to agree with my bretheren in Japan on the part of crooked teeth being cute. I actually find it kinda sad when someone ruins a cute smile with braces!

    RetroTrash ProductionsRetroTrash Productions18 өдрийн өмнө
    • Preferring straight teeth is more then just looks . Theoretically it makes it easier to clean ,eat and wear and tear to be minimised. Regarding whitening not being a common treatment in japan and china could maybe be connected to older beauty traditions of women blackening teeth but also that whiter teeth naturally seem to be more prevalent.

      ana themaana thema17 өдрийн өмнө
    • I find the obsession with perfect white teeth to be more than a bit insane, especially as one ages and begins to look like a scary grinning skull like the clown currently occupying the White House.

      monkeygraborangemonkeygraborange18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Thank you for changing the thumbnail, that old one was...something.

    Aaron BashamAaron Basham18 өдрийн өмнө
    • I thought it was just me!

      monkeygraborangemonkeygraborange18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Great episode!

    Chad HoytChad Hoyt18 өдрийн өмнө
  • I was just enameled by this episode! But I wonder if The History Guy had to fight tooth and nail to gather all this information? He certainly took a bite out of the mystery of Orthodontics (I'm glad he didn't just floss over the details). Seriously, my jaw dropped at hearing how old the profession really is, and my personal cavity of ignorance has now been filled by this great video. My sister's Ex, Ray, will need to watch and develop an appreciation as well, and I'm sure he will see the wisdom of pulling for our local Orthodontist, Dr. Molar, who was a bridge between dentists and his profession (though the guy needs to brush up on his manners, he's prone to chewing out kids for leaving their gum under his chair). Some will not like my puns here so I'll just have to brace for the cleaning I'll get from the reply's of those who will mouth off in the comments and really paste me before the moderator pulls them out. (p.s. the History Guy should be Crowned for his great channel. We should all root for him). ;-)

    • Excellelent punning, which reminded me that I once went to a dentist called Dr Tooth. I think he changed his name, but his story was that was his oroginal surname.

      LizJLizJ18 өдрийн өмнө
    • History guy sure put a dentin my ignorance.

      tackyman2011tackyman201118 өдрийн өмнө
  • Yes, it was much worse back then, and I get upset about a shot in the mouth. Have we become soft? NO. :)

    Bethlehem EisenhourBethlehem Eisenhour18 өдрийн өмнө
  • What a shame that the guillotine ruined Marie Antoinette's precocious smile (and her life) after her mouth spewed the most callous remark, "Let them eat cake!"-referring to starving French peasants who had no bread to eat-while she consumed only the best Filet Mignon steaks and Bordeaux wine at her castle's table. Chuckles and cheers resounded from the mouths of those same peasants who had the last laugh at her execution. Today’s unsympathetic millionaires and billionaires should pay heed to this lesson from history, lest they suffer a similar disgraceful fate, stripping them of their undeserved wealth and position which they currently and unfairly lord over others. Nevertheless, we still have the memory of Marie Antoinette's mouth to thank for this important breakthrough in what would become the field of orthodontics. At least one good thing came from her reign, if nothing else.

    ATSF Venta Spur NscalerATSF Venta Spur Nscaler18 өдрийн өмнө
  • 3:53 = me. orthodontics is literally torture lol i would like to straighten some bottom teeth and would deal with it much better now. performing these things on kids just seems wrong lol

    Catman FSCatman FS18 өдрийн өмнө
    • In truth, it's easier to move the teeth when they are just growing in. Has to do with being set into the bones. Once we are fully grown teeth are more difficult to shift, it takes longer. When it was recommended for my kids, I looked at what we were dealing with, the expense and the ultimate life difference it might make. And then, explaining that it would be tedious, uncomfortable to the point of painful to each child, I asked them if they would consent to the modifications being done. Had either of them refused I'd have accepted the answer. It's their body, not mine. In the case of my daughter, there was no question of her agreeing, her second eyeteeth were growing in sideways and horizontally and beginning to be uncomfortable. Her younger brother had just completed the pallet stretching part and so she had an idea of what was to be expected. ((Both were very narrow in the pallet -- possibly due to the fact that I was a vegetarian while I was pregnant and didn't get certain Omega oils and fatty acids which are necessary for upper jaw development in fetuses. This was in the early 80s, before anyone knew.)) I don't think they regret it. I certainly don't. I like to think it was an opportunity for both of my children to make an adult decision and deal with the discomfort as part of the consequences. In short: A step towards becoming an adult.

      Avery MilieuAvery Milieu18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Had my uppers straightened in the mid-1950s. It took YEARS back then, with bands, neck-harnesses, etc. Not much fun, but it worked. Wendell Wiley was my orthodontist - heard that he wrote a textbook on the subject, as well.

    Earl AagaardEarl Aagaard18 өдрийн өмнө
  • When I was young I pulled one of my wisdom teeth out with my Leatherman, no pressure from it but it erupted yellow and rotten. That moment in life was one of the worst because of course it was infected, and it would take a few nights where I couldn't sleep before I stuck my multi tool to the back of my jaw and removed the tooth and half a root, or when I got to see a dentist, like 1/4th of the root because they are way the heck inside of your face. Professional dentistry is important, and antibiotics are too.

    GalloeGalloe18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Also, I fear teeth will get worse as more leaders push to us to eat more fake foods, highly processed foods....

    DSCDSC18 өдрийн өмнө
  • "Lisa needs braces!" "Dental Plan!" "Lisa needs braces!" "Dental Plan!" "Lisa needs braces!" "Dental Plan!"

    Josh PorterJosh Porter18 өдрийн өмнө
  • I’m glad you’ve done one of your rare videos that are not about war.

    Rachel KRachel K18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Gee, two of my kids are getting their teeth cleaned today.

    DSCDSC18 өдрийн өмнө
  • My mom has been a Dental Assistant for over 20 years, and I myself had braces for about 4 years. This video was very interesting! Another great watch!

    SquillzSquillz18 өдрийн өмнө
  • Orthodontists have some practices dating back to The Inquisition.

    Ammo08Ammo0818 өдрийн өмнө
  • I wore braces for five years in the early seventies along with an older brother, and never knew that the technology was so old yet methods so new. Including use of head gear and mouthpieces, plus all that metal and four extractions to make the teeth all fit. And it was painful at times. I do have a nice smile now, but envy the more modern versions.

    d murphined murphine18 өдрийн өмнө
  • I remember my braces in the ‘50’s. When the dentist tightened them I couldn’t eat. Max pain. Wore the damned things for 18 months.

    NAVRETNAVRET18 өдрийн өмнө
    • In the 70-s when I had braces,, the orthodontist's techs who adjusted the braces every two or three months always seemed to leave sharp wire ends and other things that would cause pain and discomfort. There was one tech, however, who was wearing braces herself, and she adjusted mine way better than anyone else did ---- having worn braces ought to be a job requirement for orthodontists and their techs. (It also didn't hurt that this young lady was extremely pretty, with long straight brown hair, and she used to lean her chest right into me as she adjusted my mouth-gear. Nearly 50 years later and I can still picture her).

      good 'ungood 'un16 өдрийн өмнө
    • @Amal Kardaly I'm sorry to hear that, some dentists are really bad at their job and they tend to be most keen on doing things. Hope from now on you wont need any more work done for the longest time.

      ana themaana thema16 өдрийн өмнө
    • @ana thema I had them fpr 5 years, amd narely jad amything wrong with my teeth, the dentist wanted more money, saw me as a source of income, ended up ruining one of my Teeth and tightening my teeth several times altering my bite

      Amal KardalyAmal Kardaly16 өдрийн өмнө
    • Not much had changed when I got mine in the nineties. Was stuck with them for 4 years though, completly messed up my back molars and left me with chronic paradontitis. Hope things changed for the better by now.

      ana themaana thema17 өдрийн өмнө