Erik the Red and Viking Greenland

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Erik the Red is one of the most famous historical Norsemen today. His life was in some way that of a typical ‘Viking’, but ultimately he established for himself and his family a famous reputation. He led the first permanent settlements of Greenland, and indirectly the earliest recorded landing on American shores.

This is original content based on research by The History Guy. Images in the Public Domain are carefully selected and provide illustration. As very few images of the actual event are available in the Public Domain, images of similar objects and events are used for illustration.

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All events are portrayed in historical context and for educational purposes. No images or content are primarily intended to shock and disgust. Those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it. Non censuram.

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Script by JCG

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  • 3rd June 2021 , Fireball lands into Merapi Volcano..// Magnetar at Bay Magnetic Field reversals are on from 2015//22082016/24082016/01092016//

    Asher GoneyAsher Goney7 өдрийн өмнө
  • I'm compelled to say that your Corsair is VERY distracting. :D I had that very model when I was younger but mine was sea blue with a white belly. Ok, now I'm ready to rewatch and pay closer attention.

    Marvin ThomasMarvin Thomas9 өдрийн өмнө
  • haglas óðinn

    Daryl WaldronDaryl Waldron12 өдрийн өмнө
  • Ayeriker, "the alone ruling-one".

    Erik SchieggErik Schiegg19 өдрийн өмнө
  • Excellent as always...is there a story behind the astronaut helmet?...if you've already spoken about it please forgive me.

    johnny renojohnny renoСарын өмнө
  • kitty

    Rudolph CassandraRudolph CassandraСарын өмнө
  • ummer but no interest in watching a commercial

    Jean ProvostJean ProvostСарын өмнө
  • Yeah, imagine people remembering your name after a thousand years..... I'm pretty sure no one's gonna remember mine after a couple of weeks ! But with what I'm thinking for a headstone who knows? 😉

    George BGeorge BСарын өмнө
  • this is super helpful

    Hussien MadkourHussien MadkourСарын өмнө
  • The Norse expansion was due to something known as the "Little Climatic Optimum", which began in the North Atlantic around 600 A.D. and continued until the 1300s, after which the "Little Ice Age" set in (think Hans Brinker skating on the canals of Holland ca. 1600s). The Little Climatic Optimum made for productive agricultural conditions in Northern Europe, English Islands, Scandinavia, Iceland, and Greenland, which in turn resulted in explosive population growth and political change from the Norse confederacy to the Norse kingdom under Eric Fine Hair in the 750s, which in turn resulted in a lot of other lesser Norse noblemen leaving Norway with their families and followers to escape the increasing power of the King and his followers, and which led to great migrations of these seafaring peoples, including the Danes and Jutes to England, and the Norse to Scotland, Normandy, and Hebrides, and to Iceland, where they established colonies and supplanted the indigenous Celts in many of these regions. When the pagan Norse reached Greenland under Eric the Red, they initially traded with the Inuit and learned their sacred hunting magic for hunting harp and harbor seals, which was the mainstay of the Inuit diet. The Norse also brought their cattle, small beef the size of deer, which they grazed on pasture grass lining the slopes of the fjords. But by the 13th century, the Norse had become Christianized, and had established bishoprics in their main settlements, which forbid the use of Inuit hunting technology and the magic that went with it. Once the little Ice Age set in and made the raising of cattle on pasture grass impossible, they couldn't adjust back to becoming seal hunters like they had in their pagan days, and eventually starvation, and ultimately, extinction, set in. The last European trading ship left Greenland in the 1330s, and European fishermen didn't return until perhaps the late 15th century, and found no trace of the Norse, other than their houses, churches, and cemetaries.

    M MM MСарын өмнө
  • erik is my idk how many greats grandfather

    Owen SandersOwen SandersСарын өмнө
    • btw im not lying

      Owen SandersOwen SandersСарын өмнө
  • Yay, the history cat!

    BrilBril2 сарын өмнө
  • Erik the red is my great great grandfather

    Phoenicia Tina Ananiaz DiazPhoenicia Tina Ananiaz Diaz2 сарын өмнө
  • Excellent. The only nit I would pick is one I am sure you have encountered before, Viking was not a people but an occupation, although the one most associated with the medieval Norse. Nonetheless, saying Vikings discovered America is like saying Cowboys landed on the moon. None of the personalities involved in the discovery and exploration of North America by the pre-Colombian Norse were proper Vikings with the possible exception of Erik himself, whom Mowatt argues expected to find Irish monks already there against whom he could raid.

    Eric VogtEric Vogt2 сарын өмнө
  • Bosts, & short tempered people - pirates? Firey tempered pyre-ates?!

    lanse77lithgowlanse77lithgow2 сарын өмнө
  • Sir, I am handicapped and home bound. Don't feel badly for me. My entry here is to say how much I enjoy your efforts. You help me through every day. I too, enjoy history and your wide range gives me much to explore. Thank you.

    kent pickleskent pickles2 сарын өмнө
  • dude stop talking so fast

    Kevin PosobiecKevin Posobiec3 сарын өмнө
  • That walrus had a funny look on his face at 9:00

    SaltySquatchSaltySquatch3 сарын өмнө
  • Waiting for the “pirates comment “

    James HammonsJames Hammons3 сарын өмнө
  • Who are his direct descendants today.🤔

    DAT GUY LIONCHAOSDAT GUY LIONCHAOS3 сарын өмнө
  • I am always dumbfounded by downvotes of ANY of your videos.Some are not my cup of tea but they are all great and well made. If one does not like the subject, don't watch. No need to downvote it.Thanks for another entertaining and enlightening video.

    Storm HarmanStorm Harman3 сарын өмнө
  • I'm related to him!

    Billy RejektBilly Rejekt3 сарын өмнө
  • Christopher Columbus didn't get the memo that Leif Ericson had already been to the Americas but some of his fellow countrymen even had settlements there hundreds of years before him. They still teach the BS story about Christopher Columbus discovering America even though he was way late and more than a dollar short.

    RonRon3 сарын өмнө
  • At 9:30 is that pot hanging up to dry in the back? Sure looks like it.

    Nope YadayadayadaNope Yadayadayada4 сарын өмнө
  • But the Viking landings in the Americas seemed inconsequential ?

    Adrian PAdrian P4 сарын өмнө
  • Vikings certainly got to the gulf of st. lawrance and to maybe south of MAine.

    ron maillouxron mailloux4 сарын өмнө
  • history cat pog

    Maddox SudayuMaddox Sudayu4 сарын өмнө
  • Oh, by the way, there was a rumor that Christopher Columbus had a copy of the Vinland map with him on his Journey but was blown off course lucky him. oh, he has destroyed all evidence of the Vikings you know how all-male egos are.

    Cornbreadfed KirkpatrickCornbreadfed Kirkpatrick4 сарын өмнө
  • What does the history cat think about Greenland?

    davesydavesy4 сарын өмнө
  • How could anyone mistake grapes?

    Don BairDon Bair4 сарын өмнө
  • Great episode. Does anyone remember the name of the episode about the American revolutionary patriot that fought with a pair of French officers pistols? He also may have been in his early seventies possibly.

    Ian wilkinsonIan wilkinson4 сарын өмнө
  • A viking ship was found in a small tributary of the Mississippi in Memphis Tennessee....

    BiggiebabyBiggiebaby4 сарын өмнө
  • Meow

    Critical MassCritical Mass4 сарын өмнө
  • the Hillinger effect is common on the Great Lakes

    Taxi RobTaxi Rob4 сарын өмнө
  • I’m a retired Elementary School teacher and I’m so glad my family stumbled onto your wonderful utubes which I always look forward to watching with my family during this pandemic. Thanks for telling us about Magellan. I remember some wonderful Magellan school science programs I used in the 70s. I’m wondering if it’s the same company. Your cat looks like mine on the icon. Thanks for enriching our home time since we don’t like regular TV programming.

    Marla HigginsMarla Higgins4 сарын өмнө
  • Now for those who don't think it could be sailed people have sailed it. Hjemkomst is the name of the recreated viking ship in Moorhead that sailed from Duluth, MN to Norway. "A crew of twelve sailed the Hjemkomst from Duluth to Norway in 1982. A thirteenth member sailed as far as New York City. The crew consisted of professional sailors, a long distance truck driver, and college students. Four of Robert Asp’s children helped to sail their father’s Viking ship across the North Atlantic." www.hcscconline.org/the-hjemkomst.html

    William LembkeWilliam Lembke4 сарын өмнө
  • A wonderful tale of Vikings and discovery

    Frank GullaFrank Gulla4 сарын өмнө
  • Harald fairhair is my 32nd greatgrandfather!

    I will TellusoonenoughI will Tellusoonenough4 сарын өмнө
  • Ironic that I just finished watching the final season of Discovery's "Vikings", which partially covers the settling of Greenland, although it credits the discovery by the character Floki and not Eric the Red.

    Kevin FieldsKevin Fields4 сарын өмнө
  • University of California Berkley -berkley.edu- has hundreds of old and ancient maps... maps from the Viking age show very little ice on Greenland because it was warm and green :) in the global warming period from the 9th to the mid 14th centuries....the world was far warmer in the Viking age than it is today ... And yes, the Viking were late comers, as the Phoenicians discovered---and settled---- the Americas around 1000 BCE

    LewisLewis4 сарын өмнө
  • You for got to mention the battles, some against the king, and his ancestry,,,,,,, oh well

    Slade BlackstoneSlade Blackstone4 сарын өмнө
  • Can you do an episode on the history of sail cloth and the many forms of sail material.

    Jason PlantJason Plant4 сарын өмнө
  • One theory I ran across a while back as to the decline of Greenland is that Vitamin D deficiency caused by a lack of sunlight and the removal of cod liver oil from the diet degraded the populations' health.

    Benjamin ShropshireBenjamin Shropshire4 сарын өмнө
  • Good episode!

    Dream JacksonDream Jackson4 сарын өмнө
  • Nice one mate

    HexmarkHexmark4 сарын өмнө
  • NOPE ☹️☹️

    Sarah Claire ClaireSarah Claire Claire4 сарын өмнө
  • These were brave men AND women

    JP BonhommeJP Bonhomme4 сарын өмнө
  • For more historic ocean shenanigans, watch the film: Rose Island (2020). Coincidently very inspirational in these times.

    derekhughderekhugh4 сарын өмнө
  • We come from the land of the ice and snow From the midnight sun where the hot springs flow The hammer of the gods Will drive our ships to new lands To fight the horde, sing and cry Valhalla, I am coming On we sweep with threshing oar Our only goal will be the western shore Led Zeppelin Immigrant Song

    Jake DeeJake Dee4 сарын өмнө
  • the part where he thinks he is invisible

    John WhitleyJohn Whitley4 сарын өмнө
  • LOL....What a good punchline! ;p

    Respect BossmonRespect Bossmon4 сарын өмнө
  • Love watching your videos keep up the good work and good luck on hitting that 1 million subscribers mark.

    Christopher MayneChristopher Mayne4 сарын өмнө
  • Hi history guy, thanks so much for all your videos. I have learned so much from you. Im currently reading about Dorothy Mae Kilgallen. Did you know she entered a race around the world ?i know she isnt your normal contact but, I was wondering if you may possibly do a segment on her or would be able to refer me to an affiliate that may either way I love your show your and ty so much

    Miss BackwoodsMiss Backwoods4 сарын өмнө
  • Look like my cat. Stripes

    Michael JohnstonMichael Johnston4 сарын өмнө
  • There is actually genetic proof, that North Americans mixed with people from Island. They brought back woman as wifes

    Dennis JørgensenDennis Jørgensen4 сарын өмнө
  • National Geographic did a great piece on this back in the 60’s. Glad THG covered this.

    Porte CrayonPorte Crayon4 сарын өмнө
  • So walrus tusks were traded from Greenland to Europe via the Vikings and their trade routes across the North Atlantic. I wonder - could some of those have made it all the way across Europe, and to China, via the Silk Roads?

    Falbert ForesterFalbert Forester4 сарын өмнө
  • How about some history on Snorri Snorelson? The author, politician, traveler and murdered man of Iceland.

    Jennifer TungJennifer Tung4 сарын өмнө
  • I'm from an old Viking family in Northern Sweden.

    Paul WicklundPaul Wicklund4 сарын өмнө
  • The ting such a strange name to call a meeting or disgusting.

    Cassius FelixCassius Felix4 сарын өмнө
  • @4:28 it's The History Cat!!! :)

    Kickinpony.66Kickinpony.664 сарын өмнө
  • Im from north greenland there are some stories about Greenlanders and Vikings also Fought each other But i'm not really remember the stories

    ________________________________________________________________5 сарын өмнө
  • 4:29 The History Cat! XD

    SteamboatWilleySteamboatWilley5 сарын өмнө
  • 4:28 History Cat says 'Baa!'

    Ste JerSte Jer5 сарын өмнө
  • those viking boats could not have survived the Atlantic ocean. Get real !

    zurdozurdo5 сарын өмнө
  • Ok first my comment brings the total to 667 instead of 666. I saved you all. Also HIS CAT CAME TO VISIT!

    Tylor SchinzelTylor Schinzel5 сарын өмнө
  • how do you keep all that stuff on your shelves with cats around?

    Drew ThompsonDrew Thompson5 сарын өмнө
  • Uncompromising men who had short but interesting lives.

    TabubilTabubil5 сарын өмнө
  • Histroy that deserves to be preserved. (™️) The History Guy.

    Jim FairJim Fair5 сарын өмнө
  • How about a story about the Battle of Whitestone Hill? It was one of the last Indian battles east of the Missouri River

    GermanShepherd1983GermanShepherd19835 сарын өмнө
  • Pretty shirty advertising. No thanks.

    marian francesmarian frances5 сарын өмнө
  • I was in "Brattahlíð", now called Qasiarsuq, this summer. It's still green and beautiful, with sheep farms and some other agriculture. I really understood why Greenland was named Greenland, and that's speaking as a Scandinavian my self.

    Chris GjelstrupChris Gjelstrup5 сарын өмнө
  • For years I have seen an island in the Northern part of Lake Michigan that is about 20 miles away and only on calm days. I always wondered how I could see so far. Well, the “Hillingar Effect” sure explained that. Thanks History Guy..!!

    UP RebelUP Rebel5 сарын өмнө
  • Great to see History cat and how many times you change your glasses.

    Glen TowlerGlen Towler5 сарын өмнө
  • Actual documentary start at 2:57.

    Etiti YuloloEtiti Yulolo5 сарын өмнө
  • I have heard the theory that Greenland was at the time in a warm phase. When the normal cold weather returned it drove the viking settlers away. It would also explain grapevines in that part of America, maybe.

    Mike FranklinMike Franklin5 сарын өмнө
  • I was waiting for something about pirates.

    Scott FabelScott Fabel5 сарын өмнө
  • I am a huge fan of THC (The History Cat) 4:30 What's his/her name?

    ScottOScottO5 сарын өмнө
  • Thanks to Climate Change of the day, the Vikings settled Greenland

    R Defender2R Defender25 сарын өмнө
  • Good businessmen, and sailors too! Treasure hoards of theirs, have several countries' coinage, indicating wide trade routes....Aggressive guys, they were...!

    jimjim5 сарын өмнө
  • The Vikings also raided the Isle of Man, though they didn´t stick around, then as now, it was boring and parochial....

    thelastdetail1thelastdetail15 сарын өмнө
  • Makes you wonder if they sailed there long ships down through the Hudson Bay and up the river systems now that would be cool

    Scott BuckleyScott Buckley5 сарын өмнө
  • The camo of the cat is icing on this informational cake.

    Species710Species7105 сарын өмнө
  • Eric the Red once had an argument with his wife regarding an incoming storm. When events eventually bore out his position, he told his wife, *"Eric the Red knows rain, dear."*

    Menachem SalomonMenachem Salomon5 сарын өмнө
  • Bad tempered people, criminals and other kindly souls were the early settlers of many counties. Oh the days of exile and penal colonies.

    Bill McCaffreyBill McCaffrey5 сарын өмнө
  • In discussing some of the earlier Viking excursions - you left out The Rus ... .

    Bob SmithBob Smith5 сарын өмнө
  • Enough with the MagellanTV ad break Just do two ads for them begining and end instead - please

    InfiltrateIndustriesInfiltrateIndustries5 сарын өмнө
  • I love this stuff...Thanks you !

    apfelsnutzapfelsnutz5 сарын өмнө
  • The Inuit are no more "native" to Greenland than the Vikings. They arrived in the North of Greenland at the approximately same time as the Vikings arrived down South, after which they spread further and further South, eventually replacing the original inhabitants, namely the Vikings. There had been other people living there centuries before, but those were not Inuit.

    Klipsen DkKlipsen Dk5 сарын өмнө
  • Do you realize that the word "Inuit" does not occur in any language of the Eskimo peoples? Eskimo actually translates into 'people of the snow' or 'people of the ice' and was what Eskimos called themselves in general, but then they had tribal names below that. While the made up word Inuit is politically correct, the correct term is Eskimo and it is not an offense or slur.

    Merit Holding, LLCMerit Holding, LLC5 сарын өмнө
  • Read " America ,B.C." Dr Barry Fell ,Brown University.. Evidence of Scandinavian s settlements on East Coast from Maine to Rhode Island.

    Golem1Golem15 сарын өмнө
  • Love your pronunciation of the Icelandic names.....Þræll .....is slave..... and Gunnbjörnssker...old name for Greenland or Grænland as it´s called in Icelandic. We Icelanders claim Eirík Rauða..to be an Icelander because his father was banished from Norway, and he was raised and lived here. All the Saga´s were written in Iceland. Keep up the good work mate.

    arctic bragaarctic braga5 сарын өмнө
  • Another good episode. I enjoyed seeing the cat. The cat should definitely appear on camera more.

    Bruce FayBruce Fay5 сарын өмнө
  • 4.04 That picture looks like L anse aux meadows, a norse settlement in northern Newfoundland and the ruins shown at 10.25 look like the remains of a norse church near Julianehaab or Quakartuk in Greenland.

    willy muellerwilly mueller5 сарын өмнө
  • I almost stopped at minute three, because I thought that you would continue to bragg about your marvelous channel forever, until you finally started to talk about Eric the red.

    willy muellerwilly mueller5 сарын өмнө
  • Banishment is under-rated and under-utilized in modern times. As is the biblical concept of shunning. I can think of a number of people who deserve such punishment, rather than simply putting them to death.

    good 'ungood 'un5 сарын өмнө
  • Eric drove a Fiord Explorer..

    DOUGLAS HOTCHKISSDOUGLAS HOTCHKISS5 сарын өмнө
  • Hey kitty kitty. 😘

    Tim GTim G5 сарын өмнө
  • Would you consider Vikings as a sort of pirate? I know how much you like pirate stories.

    Eric TaylorEric Taylor5 сарын өмнө
  • Being unemployed in Greenland must have been pretty horrible.

    Eric TaylorEric Taylor5 сарын өмнө