Dr Calvin Goddard and the St. Valentine's Day Massacre

Next Thursday, February 14 , 2019, marks the ninetieth anniversary of the St. Valentine's Day massacre. The crime shocked the nation and led to the downfall of arguably the most famous mobster of all time, Al 'Scarface' Capone. But perhaps the most important impact of the infamous crime was the role it played in the development of scientific methods of criminal investigation, and the contribution to the investigation made by one of the fathers of the discipline of forensic ballistics, Dr. Calvin Goddard.

Check out the Mob Museum Mobile App, the ultimate guide to the Museum for visitors or those planning their visit. smart.link/5e1cfed2ceb98

This is original content based on research by The History Guy. Images in the Public Domain are carefully selected and provide illustration. As images of actual events are sometimes not available, images of similar objects and events are used for illustration.

This episode deals with violent historical events. All events are portrayed in historical context and for educational purposes. No images or content are primarily intended to shock and disgust. Those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it. Non censuram.

The St. Valentine’s Day Massacre Wall can be seen at The Mob Museum, with the bricks in their original locations and bullet pockmarks clearly distinguishable. For more information or to see the wall in person, visit themobmuseum.org/

Find The History Guy at:

Facebook: TheHistoryGu...
Patreon: www.patreon.com/TheHistoryGuy

The History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered is the place to find short snippets of forgotten history from five to fifteen minutes long. If you like history too, this is the channel for you.

Subscribe for more forgotten history: mnthe.info/hello/4sE... .

Awesome The History Guy merchandise is available at:

Script by THG

Татаж авах

Үзсэн тоо


  • A few viewers have mentioned that I say that Bugs Moran died in prison at Fort Leavenworth. In fact, he died in Leavenworth Federal Penitentiary in Leavenworth Ks. I am sorry for the error.

    The History Guy: History Deserves to Be RememberedThe History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered2 жилийн өмнө
    • I have a story suggestion for you if you haven't already done a segment. In the investigation of the Lindberg kidnaping a Department of Interior expert ID the wood used in making the ladder used by Hauptman to gain access to the home. Evidently just like ballistics, blades in lumber mills leave unique marks on the wood. Much more complicated than I can describe, but I remember it well.

      Daniel HeroldDaniel Herold22 өдрийн өмнө
  • The shooters were from Detroit and they belonged to the Purple Gang. Just sayin

    Raymond GarlickRaymond Garlick24 өдрийн өмнө
  • the german shepherd not being hurt is probably the most useless bit of information ive ever heard.

    Effective Reading InstructionEffective Reading Instruction24 өдрийн өмнө
  • great... now im doing research on forensic ballistics. another watch list im added on due to a man with a bowtie....

    nunya nunyanunya nunyaСарын өмнө
  • BTW, some horrible ads I've disliked over and over are being shown by MNthe.

    Terra CottaTerra Cotta3 сарын өмнө
  • Go figure, Dr. Goddard cracked the case of St. Valentine's Day Massacre yet they continued to suppress it.

    Terra CottaTerra Cotta3 сарын өмнө
  • some days i think the only person to celebrate valentines day right was al capone

    david altmandavid altman3 сарын өмнө
  • I live in Saint Joseph. The sheriff’s department put on a presentation with the guns for my company several years ago. Fred Burke’s home still stands. It’s a Sears and Roebuck kit home built near the railroad tracks, which allowed him to get out of town quickly. It’s a Coldwell Banker today.

    Jackie ForestieriJackie Forestieri3 сарын өмнө
  • In 1970 I was told as a young boy by my sister in laws Grandmother, that The Grandmother had dated Gangster Heime Weiss. Weiss was the leader of the Northside Gang before Bugs Moran. Weiss got shot in the street. Gma said "He was a good Catholic boy that got in with bad company'. Haha, even as a kid I knew that was an understatement.

    M WM W3 сарын өмнө
  • Very interesting. Stuff you’ve heard about but never really knew about. It’s all right here on The History Guy’s channel.

    CC4 сарын өмнө
  • So Chicago hasn't got any better, maybe even worse today. So much for strict gun control laws.

    JMSIIIJMSIII4 сарын өмнө
  • The guys who fired those two Thompson guns were experienced and didn’t spray. At that range, the notorious rise and rotation of the Thompson wouldn’t be that much. I would be afraid to fire the .45 acp at that range against a brick wall and I suspect that this caused the gunmen to carefully direct their fire.

    Mark WMark W4 сарын өмнө
  • How about the history of pasteurization?

    Hugh PatrickHugh Patrick4 сарын өмнө
  • Pretty amazing forensic science back then. I bet ppl thought he was nuts to do forensics on bullets

    randy rotirandy roti5 сарын өмнө
  • I'm just glad that the dog wasn't killed...

    MikeBMikeB6 сарын өмнө
  • Love your history videos! Best ever!

    I. R. Old Airborne VikingI. R. Old Airborne Viking6 сарын өмнө
  • Looks like Chicago hasn’t changed.

    Carol MooreCarol Moore7 сарын өмнө
  • One minor mistake: Burke's house was in Stevensville, MI, not in St. Joseph. Still very good video.

    Zenith Coins & HobbiesZenith Coins & Hobbies7 сарын өмнө
  • all of chicago shooting today even goes unsolved!!

    Matthew GriffinMatthew Griffin8 сарын өмнө
  • My Father, born and raised in Chicago, was in his 20's during the gang wars. Told stories about the era several times. Excellent video, and a beautiful lady, to boot...

    Hoosier PlowboyHoosier Plowboy8 сарын өмнө
  • If you would have been one of my teachers many years ago I probably would have been a different student. Thanks for all videos, I really enjoy them.

    Greg HolmesGreg Holmes8 сарын өмнө
  • Nobody shot me...14 times.

    John StevensonJohn Stevenson8 сарын өмнө
  • An interesting story would be the shooting down of ADM Yamanto's plane in WW2. for a time the credit for the action was given to the wrong pilot. Through some investigation and interview of a Japanese pilot that was there, finally gave the credit to a man named Rex Barber of Oregon. My Stepdad introduced me to him during the 80's. Of course I was a lot younger and didn't think to ask the questions that I would have now. I enjoy your work, thanks for doing what you do.

    WILL MWILL M8 сарын өмнө
  • 3 out of the 7 dead Told their wife-gf-Mother on the way out the door that morning “Don’t worry, I’m quitting the gang life.”

    Him BikeHim Bike9 сарын өмнө

    Bill JamisonBill Jamison9 сарын өмнө
  • *Chicago should take that very good advice, thanks guys I've learned a lot!* 😷👍🏻

    Ralphie_BoyRalphie_Boy9 сарын өмнө
  • In 1973 I nursed a man in the last stages of syphilis, known here at the time in the UK as General Paralysis of the Insane (GPI - not a pretty sight). He would often be found shaking with fear under his bed or spraying the ward with bullets from an imaginary machine gun. I read through his copious notes from when he was first admitted to the Mental Asylum where he was now coming to the end of his life. The psychiatrist who first interviewed him stated that the patient had returned to the UK as he had run out of money and wanted to be with his family as his health deteriorated and the 'Capone Gang' no longer looked out for him. The doctor also stated that there was "very good evidence that the patient had been involved in the St. Valentine's Day massacre" Could be, of course that anyone even vaguely connected to the gang world might make up such a story - but I often get the flashback of him shooting that imaginary 'Tommy Gun'.

    Dave RoseDave Rose9 сарын өмнө
  • I know I'm late to the party, but I'm binge watching all of your shows and loving every second of it. I'm a history nut, though looking at me you might not expect that, tattooed and huge earrings. Most wouldn't expect I'm a nurse either, but that's okay. We wouldn't expect you to be married to a chick with awesome hair either just by looking at you lol. Keep up the awesome research and videos, and we can all be examples of how to not judge a book by its cover. Thanks for everything you do

    Shannon BrooksShannon Brooks9 сарын өмнө
  • I would love to see a video on the forensic aspect of the JFK murder. I think there is proof for two different guns, and I suspect the Secret Service has a lot to explain.

    Mike O'BrienMike O'Brien9 сарын өмнө
  • PS: Thank you both. We did, in fact, have a massacre-free Valentine's Day.

    Howard LewisHoward Lewis9 сарын өмнө
  • VERY interesting! I never knew that, though officially unsolved, there is so much evidence implicating Fred Burke and the Capone gang. Wow.

    Howard LewisHoward Lewis9 сарын өмнө
  • Please no more close up of moving words!

    Beans BottomBeans Bottom9 сарын өмнө
  • I wonder if his wife was part of the Purple Gang ... ???

    tcalcuttcalcut9 сарын өмнө
  • :20 Good Joke,History Guy. Tarnishing Chicago's Reputation....LOL

    BEARicade !BEARicade !9 сарын өмнө
  • History Guy, love the Content! Would you please look at the Matewan Incident in West Virginia? It is quite interesting. A shoot-em-up extravaganza!

    Terry RhodesTerry Rhodes9 сарын өмнө
  • that thumbnail picture scared me a little bit. it looked pornographic

    David JamesDavid James9 сарын өмнө
  • Thank you for fleshing out stories from the past. I appreciate the details and narration!

    CrazyCat LadyCrazyCat Lady9 сарын өмнө
  • YES, PLEASE .... do a segment on THE HISTORY OF THE HISTORY GUY ... Pretty please ------ do it for .... (wait for it) ....... History, that deserves to be remembered. D.A.

    MeBeTheDBMeBeTheDB10 сарын өмнө
  • Chicago it’s a toddling town

    charles caseycharles casey10 сарын өмнө
  • My grandparents were in an partment upstairs. They told me that they knew from all the gunshots that they needed to stay inside and not even look out a window. Later may grandad had to go down and get his car out if there because a fire had started.

    S. Lee MccauleyS. Lee Mccauley10 сарын өмнө

    Amador ValentinAmador Valentin10 сарын өмнө
  • Thank you. I can't help but thinking his work in Japan help the Japanese police, excel in forensics

    AuggieAuggie10 сарын өмнө
  • Speculation was/is "Machine Gun" Jack McGurn wielded one of those Tommie Guns during the massacre.

    Peter KPeter K10 сарын өмнө
  • Nicely done.

    Jim GoddardJim Goddard10 сарын өмнө
  • Proof or no proof, there is no way that Al Capone's organization would have carried on a major operation like that without direct orders from him.

    workhardismworkhardism10 сарын өмнө
  • Wow, the Nerd of Nerds has a smoking hot, out there missus, well done you!

    Mark MarkMark Mark10 сарын өмнө
  • Just because no matching weapons were found in the Chicago PD means nothing. They were readily available weapons to anyone with the $.

    Phil GiglioPhil Giglio11 сарын өмнө
  • 503 murders in Chicago in 2019 - and that number will almost certainly be eclipsed in 2020. Seven murders might go unnoticed today

    nulife022nulife02211 сарын өмнө
  • Who is the cutie with the purple hair?

    matasumatasu11 сарын өмнө
  • Saint Valentine...patron Saint of love... _and massacres_

    Mark TerenceMark Terence11 сарын өмнө
  • Today it's largely a pseudoscience. It may prove that the same TYPE of gun fired a bullet, but it can't truly match the exact gun. The problem is twofold: one, machining today is more exact; one factory Glock barrel is, for all intents and purposes, indistinguishable from another. Two, we no longer use corrosive ammo, so bores do not develop random imperfections as they once did, nor do they wear down nearly as quickly. Two similar guns by the same manufacturer will almost always produce indistinguishable markings nowadays. At best, the markings can say the suspect's gun COULD have fired the bullet, as it was of the right general type. They cannot say it DID fire the bullet. Still, police occasionally try to use this improperly at trial, but a defense subject matter expert can absolutely shred it by demonstrating that any similar gun made by the same company would produce the same markings.

    WardenWolfWardenWolf11 сарын өмнө
  • “Only Al Capone kills like that!” (Ralph Meeker as Bugs Moran in “The St. Valentine’s Day Massacre”; 1967). The late Jason Robards (b.1922 in Chicago) played, in my opinion, the best Capone character ever in that film. Though mostly raised in LA according to IMDb, he would masterfully play the part over four decades after it happened and might have heard about it as a child. There is no subject like History...

    Jim WatsonJim Watson11 сарын өмнө
  • Bravo another great segment! Did Dr.. Goddard's lab become incorporated into the FBI or did FBI build your own using Dr. Goddard's expertise and consultation? And did his Crime Investigation Lab utilized in post WW2 Japan became the inception of USACIL?

    jesse abelonjesse abelon11 сарын өмнө
    • Would you do a history of the US Army CID and it's USACIL facility?

      jesse abelonjesse abelon11 сарын өмнө
  • How come gangs don’t have interesting names any more?

    A1A111 сарын өмнө
  • We had our own "Kansas City Massacre", on June 17, 1933

    Kickinpony.66Kickinpony.6611 сарын өмнө
  • I have no clue how you guys can compile all this information sort through it and creat something that keeps me interested the whole way through..and that’s a lot from a person that’s suffered his entire life from ADD just wanted to say thanks to all your team.

    Damian DeLappDamian DeLapp11 сарын өмнө
  • The two Thompson's found in Burks home in photo are WWII guns M1As I think? Operating knobs on side didn't appear till about 1940s?

    Bennett GunsBennett Guns11 сарын өмнө
  • 00:13 - _Crescendo?_ Surely you mean _climax..._

    Mike BrownMike Brown11 сарын өмнө
  • Love the ending

    DelasDelas11 сарын өмнө
  • @ 4:19: 2122 is the correct address

    Coya CampbellCoya Campbell11 сарын өмнө
  • And the moral of the story is, if you're gonna shoot somebody, DON'T KEEP THE GUN!

    Seth TyrssenSeth Tyrssen11 сарын өмнө
  • Every day in Chicago is Valentine's Day, there are multiple murders almost every day.

    Jesse OaksJesse Oaks11 сарын өмнө
  • Except that fingerprints don't change over time. The wear that makes the marks distinct does change over time. Either aggressive cleaning with a steel brush, some quick work with a file, or just a few hundred rounds down range will cause enough change to make a identification impossible.

    CybrluditeCybrludite11 сарын өмнө
  • Mr. & Mrs. History guy. That's cute , I like it.

    Bill HuberBill Huber11 сарын өмнө
  • 2:10 dang ! That was my first shotgun, Stevens or H&R over and under 22 cal. Upper 20 ga. Lower, I was so caught up in the Big Bore, Military style, Automatic high capacity wave as a teenager that it came and went to fast and now like so much of my past I regret. 😐

    Flipflops GuyFlipflops Guy11 сарын өмнө
  • The Thompson Machine Guns used are early models, the photos of them are in the Mob Museum. if you're keen try and pick which model they are from the Wikipedia page! en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thompson_submachine_gun#Production

    Marc UsherMarc Usher11 сарын өмнө
  • He is a pioneer like Charles Norris in NYC pioneered forensics. Used his own funds that would be a good one to watch

    duke Cityduke City11 сарын өмнө
  • Christ these are good, wtf, these would have been great breaks, before the afternoon movie, w/ The Claw!!! I lived south of baltimore, till 1973

    caspar coastercaspar coaster11 сарын өмнө
  • When some of the bullet entry points are in the bottom of their feet, you know it's really bad.

    Steven LeslieSteven Leslie11 сарын өмнө
  • Judging by the news, the massacre in Chicago never ends.

    jannevellamojannevellamo11 сарын өмнө
  • What about a story about Vice Admiral Hyman Rickover and the "Nuclear Navy"

    WordsmusicWordsmusic11 сарын өмнө
  • As ye sow, so shall ye reap. Or to but it in today's lingo, What goes around, comes around. -- I've always thought it odd that it took so long for investigators to come up with the idea of analyzing bullets. You'd think it was a no brainer shortly after the brass cartridge was invented.

    Bill D. in IowaBill D. in Iowa11 сарын өмнө
  • Not 2212 n clark, but 2122 north clark street. This was the actual address of the garage. I grew up around that area in Chicago and saw the garage before it was torn down by the mayor in 1967. Now it is but a vacant lot.

    william vasilakiswilliam vasilakis11 сарын өмнө
  • If you haven't already covered it; here's a suggested topic: The Eruption of Mount Edgecumbe here's a reference: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Edgecumbe_(Alaska) I did find a short MNthe video on it: mnthe.info/bill/video/iM9suImadJmcoYQ About 30 yrs ago I worked with a man who was in on it - it's a hilarious story. It's been embellished over time to include volcanologists from all over the country were packing to head for Sitka. Probably not, but it's a nice addition to the story. It definitely needs to be remembered.

    Scott RyalsScott Ryals11 сарын өмнө
  • In the thumb what is the second from left ammo? My brother gave me one when I was a kid

    Karl SmallphonesKarl Smallphones11 сарын өмнө
  • I love your videos

    M HM H11 сарын өмнө
  • Couldn't find 1 Black history story. Strange!!

    • My Apology ....I found one .

  • Definitely one of the best channels on MNthe... always interesting, informative, and entertaining! What more could you ask? Thanks, History Guy!

    notxarbnotxarb11 сарын өмнө
  • Mr History Guy. Please change on-screen comment font to something full-body. It would be easier to read. Especially for non-native English speakers. Given, how fast your channel is rumbling down the road lately, you are not going to see this comment anyway - but I figured, I'd give it a try ;)

    Jeff ParrJeff Parr11 сарын өмнө
  • For reasons I cannot recall I had stopped watching this channel. WTH WAS I THINKING?!? (Or more appropriately, NOT THINKING??) LOL Any way, I just happened on this video and, as a former LEO, felt compelled to watch and, Boy Howdy, am I glad I did since the St. Valentine's Day Massacre has always intrigued me. Simply put, THG does most of the work for research and I just get to see the excellent results of said work. To that end I can categorically state that THG STILL reigns as a SUPERB source of not only entertainment but information as well. And for that you, Mr. History Guy, are to be commended! Lastly, thank you for giving your Better Half a brief moment in the Spotlight. She is not only a stunning Lady visually but I know (as you've told us) she plays a significant part in the actual construction of your video's so SHE deserves a good portion of my appreciation as well. God Bless, Take Care, and..... Overnout (until the next video).

    H ?H ?11 сарын өмнө
  • Yet another excellent video. Thank you. Be well.

    charles barbozacharles barboza11 сарын өмнө
  • Purple gang.

    Jerry FingerJerry Finger11 сарын өмнө
  • Great channel. Thank you for your work.

    Controlled ChaosControlled Chaos11 сарын өмнө
  • Sorry, unproven science back in the day

    Proud VeteranProud Veteran11 сарын өмнө
  • I'm 'going to say it was in the mid to late 60's, as an elementary student, we had a field trip to the Berrien County Jail, it was during this the Sheriff brought out one of the Thompson's for us to see.

    KLOP61KLOP6111 сарын өмнө
  • Whenever Prohibition is talked about, the millions made by the Kennedy clan is not mentioned.

    leon dillonleon dillon11 сарын өмнө
    • Because they're democrats.

      interman 77interman 779 сарын өмнө
  • Fascinating! Thanks so much for this episode--and its romantic postscript! :-)

    Leslie NordmanLeslie Nordman11 сарын өмнө
  • Not Lincoln Park district. Andersonville, a Swedish area.

    Pat MullarkeyPat Mullarkey11 сарын өмнө
  • Kiliing is a LOT worse today under the current derelict democrat mayor - and the MSM ignores it because, well, its a democrat mayor of course...

    YahooMurrayYahooMurray11 сарын өмнө
  • Huge fan of this channel!

    The Wood Welding Fabricator !The Wood Welding Fabricator !11 сарын өмнө
  • That ain’t nothing now

    Mike GreenMike Green11 сарын өмнө
  • Nice to see that Chicago finally has its gun violence under control.

    David ChristensenDavid Christensen11 сарын өмнө
  • The black Donnelly

    Tom AceTom Ace11 сарын өмнө
  • thumbnail looks like a row of vintage dildos

    Bucket Head FanBucket Head Fan11 сарын өмнө
  • Seven killed in Chicago.... They just call it "Saturday" today....

    BiggiebabyBiggiebaby11 сарын өмнө
  • I really like what The History Guy does. And this is my favorite show that he has done.

    Sonny OlsonSonny Olson11 сарын өмнө
  • I'd like to know more about Frankie Yale. His house, and the building where his funeral home was located are still standing and easily identifiable from period pictures. Even the home that his car crashed into when he was killed is still there and looks the same as it did on 7/1/28 when the murder took place. Frankie Yale's Sunrise Cafe, where he was just before the killing is also likely still standing, although I don't know it's exact address. Frankie Yale's restaurant the Harvard Inn is long gone, but it's location is a parking lot on west 15th Street & Bowery, next to the back of Nathan's in Coney Island.

  • IMHO, this is one of the best channels on MNthe.

    Cyrano BuckminsterCyrano BuckminsterЖилийн өмнө
  • Almost everyone killed was German. Capone was killing German everywhere he could find them.

    DavidDavidЖилийн өмнө
  • my great uncle leon was there...the shooters were canadian.

    HabinationHabinationЖилийн өмнө